北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 25-29.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0464

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

航班延误纠纷治理:基于不完全契约视角

魏中许   

  1. 中国民航飞行学院 运输管理学院, 四川 广汉 618307
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-28 出版日期:2016-09-25 发布日期:2016-08-23
  • 作者简介:魏中许(1977-),男,浙江苍南人,副教授,博士,研究方向为航空运输经济与管理.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金资助项目(07&ZD003);中国民航飞行学院自然科学研究基金资助项目(J2010-56)

Governing Dissension of Flight Delays: From the Perspective of Incomplete Contracts

WEI Zhongxu   

  1. School of Transportation Management, Civil Aviation Flight University of China, Guanghan Sichuan 618307, China
  • Received:2015-09-28 Online:2016-09-25 Published:2016-08-23

摘要:

航空运输合同必然是不完全的,而未能事先约定的剩余权界定模糊往往导致缔约各方的事后寻租冲突。信息不完全和不对称导致航班延误难以清晰地进行归因论责,这也是航班延误补偿纠纷的根本原因。事先以法律形式将航班延误相关剩余权明确地赋予航空公司,可以相对较低的交易成本规避延误事后补偿的讨价还价纠纷,而市场竞争和行政管理机制可以有效制约航空公司滥用航班延误剩余权,督促其履行航班延误治理的勤勉义务。

关键词: 航班延误, 消费纠纷, 归因论责, 剩余权, 治理机制

Abstract:

Air transport contract is necessarily incomplete and the unclearly defined and residual rights often lead to rent-seeking conflicts among contracting parties. Defining airlines' responsibilities on the basis of flight delays' genesis encounters a severe information asymmetry problem which causes passengers to take drastic actions to protect their contingent rights. It is optimum to entitle the airlines to the flight delay's residual rights in the form of law which will eliminate the dissension of flight delays at less transaction costs. The mechanisms of market competition and administrative management can effectively restrict airlines to abuse the residual rights and urge them to diligently overcome the flight delay problems.

Key words: flight delays, consumer disputes, responsibilities based on genesis, residual rights, governance mechanism

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