北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 55-63.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0578

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

民事诉讼中电子证据的真实性认定

倪晶   

  1. 国家互联网应急中心, 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-14 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-28
  • 作者简介:倪晶(1991-),女,安徽芜湖人,研究实习员,硕士,研究方向为诉讼法学与计算机法律学.

Research on Authenticity Judgment of Electronic Evidence in Civil Procedure

NI Jing   

  1. National Internet Emergency Center, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2015-12-14 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-28

摘要:

目前,中国相关法律规范中没有明确的电子证据采信规则,司法判例中法官对电子证据的认可度不一。通过分析典型案例,整理出中国电子证据真实性认定中主要存在真伪甄别无统一标准、呈证形式不规范、公证和鉴定技术参差不齐等问题。针对性地提出利用鉴证法、专家辅助法、对比法和综合分析,从电子证据来源初步认定,辅之于先进鉴定技术和保障技术,审查电子证据生成、传输、保存和展示的全过程,并将此种方法运用于不同类型电子证据的真实性认定中,以期为解决中国电子证据采信难题提供方法指引,最大程度追求客观真实与法律真实的统一。

关键词: 电子证据, 证据能力, 认定方法, 电子邮件, 电子聊天记录, 手机短信, 微博

Abstract:

There are no specific provisions on the authenticity judgment of electronic evidence in the existing laws of China, so that the authentication degree of the electronic evidence usually differ in different cases. This paper summarized that no unified identification standard, non-uniform of evidence form, uneven development of notary technology and identification technology are the main problems in this field through analyzing typical cases. This paper presented a method for authenticity judging of electronic evidence. The evidence should be identified from the sources firstly, then we could investigate the generation, transmission, preservation and exhibition of the electronic evidencewith advanced identification techniques and authenticity guarantee techniques by using authentication method, expert auxiliary method, comparative method and comprehensive analysis method. This method has been applied to the authenticity judgment process of different kinds of electronic evidence in the paper. This paper provides a methodological guidance for the authenticity judgment of electronic evidence in China to pursue the unity of objective reality and legal truth at the greatest extent.

Key words: electronic evidence, evidence capability, judgment methods, e-mail, e-chatting, sms, twitter

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