北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 82-89.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0009

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

主题结构的标记性考察——基于情境植入的典型特征束思路

李银美, 王义娜   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 外国语学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-07 出版日期:2017-03-25 发布日期:2017-03-31
  • 作者简介:李银美(1980-),女,山东诸城人,博士研究生,研究方向为认知语法学和对比语言学.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金资助项目(14BYY004)

On Markedness of Topic Constructions: A Grounding-based Feature-cluster Approach

LI Yinmei, WANG Yi'na   

  1. School of Foreign Languages, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-01-07 Online:2017-03-25 Published:2017-03-31

摘要:

以往主题结构研究主要关注主题表现,其述题特征以及认知情境因素的制约作用没有受到重视,不同主题结构的标记性以及跨语言异同尚无一致认识。运用认知语法的情境植入观,结合认知类型学的标记性分析思路,提出主题结构考察的典型特征束思路,在结构、话语和认知层面分别提取主题和述题的典型特征加以比较,为主题结构的标记性考察提供新视角。

关键词: 主题结构, 标记性, 认知情境植入, 典型特征束, 类型学

Abstract:

Previous studies on topic constructions mainly focus on the features of their topics. Features of their comments and the cognitive motivations of the constructions, however, tend to be neglected. Consequently, no consensus has been reached on the markedness of topic constructions. Taking a cognitive grounding perspective and a typological view of markedness, this paper proposes a feature-cluster study on topic constructions, taking account of structural complexity, functional variation and cognitive complexity of both their topics and comments. This cognitive approach is aimed to counteract the limitations of the previous study.

Key words: topic constructions, markedness, grounding, feature clusters, typology

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