北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 108-112.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0098

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

高等教育“现代化”与“强国”辨析

王静修   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究所, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-22 出版日期:2018-03-25 发布日期:2018-04-03
  • 作者简介:王静修(1976-),男,河北井陉人,讲师,博士研究生,研究方向为高等教育、思想政治教育.
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费(2011YYS114)

Comparison of “Modernization” and “Power” in Higher Education

WANG Jingxiu   

  1. Higher Education Research Institute, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-03-22 Online:2018-03-25 Published:2018-04-03

摘要:

随着教育"十三五"规划的制定,做为一种奋斗目标,"现代化"和"强国"成为近期国内高等教育领域的两个热点话题。高等教育现代化是国家现代化的重要组成部分,是国家现代化的前提和基础。高等教育强国是国家现代化过程中对高等教育建设所提出的一个更高目标,是对高等教育发达状态的形象描述。二者联系紧密,在表现形式和一些具体特征上有许多重合,但深究本质却大不相同。"现代化"一般出现在"强国"之前,是强国的先导和基础,它以世界发达国家为蓝本,已经具有一些相对成熟的发展指标;而"强国"则是一个相对概念,所涉及因素更加复杂,在具体建设和评价等内容上都仍需要继续研究和完善。借鉴"现代化"研究范式可以给人们提供很多启迪,但却要注意避免将二者直接混同。

关键词: 高等教育, 发展目标, 现代化, 强国, 世界一流

Abstract:

With the formulation of the Thirteenth Five-year Plan in Education,"modern" and "power" has become hot topics in the recent domestic discussion of higher education. As an important component of the national modernization, the modernization of higher education is the premise and basis of national modernization. Becoming a higher education power is a more ambitious goal for higher education in the construction of national modernization. Though the form and some specific characteristics of the two closely related concepts are overlapping, the essence of the two concepts is very different. Generally appearing before "power", "Modern" is the forerunner and foundation for "power". With reference to the developed countries in the world, it has some relatively mature development indicators. The "power" is a relative concept which includes many complicated factors, and it needs further study and improvement in the construction, evaluation and so on. Modernization paradigm can be used for enlightenment, but confusing the two concepts should be carefully avoided.

Key words: higher education, development goals, modernization, power, world class

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