北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 15-21.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0136

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国台湾身心障碍者社会保障政策变迁及述评

李亚梅1, 余海洁1, 丁麟茜2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 人文与社会科学高等研究院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-20 出版日期:2016-07-25 发布日期:2016-07-20
  • 作者简介:李亚梅(1968-),女,重庆人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为劳动法学、教育法学.

On Social Security Policy of Disabled People in Taiwan of China

LI Yamei1, YU Haijie1, DING Linqian2   

  1. 1. Institution for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-04-20 Online:2016-07-25 Published:2016-07-20

摘要:

中国台湾地区身心障碍者保障制度是经过长期的历史发展和社会变迁后不断完善的产物,且在不同的历史时期呈现出不同的特点。历经多次调整与革新,中国台湾地区身心障碍者保障已经形成了自己独特的体系,在制度层面具有支持服务与照顾协助的架构相对完备、台北市与各市县伙伴关系和矛盾关系并存两大特点。数十年来,中国台湾地区的身心障碍者权益保障工作已经取得了一定的实践成果,但是其中也存在残补式福利、本土化与西化矛盾等诸多问题。中国台湾地区身心障碍者保障制度仍然面临困难与挑战。从中国台湾地区身心障碍者保障政策的发展历程以及现有体制中,中国大陆地区可以借鉴宝贵经验和可行政策,从而更好地建立和健全与中国现阶段经济发展水平相适应的具有中国特色的残疾人保障体系。

关键词: 身心障碍者, 中国台湾地区, 社会保障, 福利制度, 绩效评估

Abstract:

The social security system of the disabled people in Taiwan is a product of a long-term improvement and revolution, which presents different characteristics in different periods. After a large number of adjustments and innovations, a unique Taiwan security system of the disabled people has already taken shape, including relatively complete system for supporting service and care assistance, equal contradiction and cooperation between Taipei and other cities. With time goes by, Taiwan security system of the disabled people has already made some achievements. However, there are also some problems this system has to face, like supplementary welfare and contradiction between localization and westernization. For the Mainland, government can draw lessons from the welfare system of the disabled people in Taiwan, and thus to build a better welfare system of the disable people that adapting Chinese economy level and Chinese characteristics well.

Key words: disabled people, Taiwan of China, social security, welfare system, performance assessment

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