北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 63-67.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0188

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

熵理思维视角下的科学立法探析

李栗燕   

  1. 南京航空航天大学 人文与社会科学学院, 江苏 南京 211106
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-24 出版日期:2017-05-25 发布日期:2017-05-27
  • 作者简介:李栗燕(1976-),女,湖北武汉人,教授,博士,研究方向为法学理论.
  • 基金资助:

    中国博士后科学基金项目(2017M611860);江苏省社科基金资助项目(16MLB005);江苏省研究生教育教学改革研究与实践课题(JGLX16_005);获江苏高校"青蓝工程"资助

On Scientific Legislation from the Perspective of Entropy Theory

LI Liyan   

  1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing Jiangsu 211106, China
  • Received:2016-05-24 Online:2017-05-25 Published:2017-05-27

摘要:

建设法治国家是中国走向现代文明的必然选择,科学立法是法治进程的基础。法律的重要作用在于降低系统不确定性,提高社会有序性。熵是描述、分析和计算系统有序程度的重要而成熟的概念,已在多个学科得到成功应用。在此思维指导下考量中国立法现状,提出四点科学立法建议:简化立法层次,明确立法权限;设立立法配额,推进职业立法;立、改、废、释并举及其常态化;借鉴工程学科成熟的理论和技术,如测试覆盖性分析、风险分析和熵值计算法,形成跨学科的方法。

关键词: 科学立法, 熵理思维, 风险分析, 正熵, 负熵

Abstract:

Constructing China under the rule of law is the inevitable choice for the nation's modern civilization and scientific legislation is the foundation of the rule of law. The important role of law is to reduce the uncertainty of the system and improve the social order. Entropy is a mature and important concept to describe, analyze and calculate the order degree of a system, which has been successfully applied in multiple disciplines. To investigate the legislative situation in China under the guidance of entropy, the paper puts forward four scientific legislative proposals: simplifying the legislative level and clarifying legislative authority; setting up legislation quotas and promoting professional legislation; making the normalization of legislation,amendment,abolition and interpretation of law;learning the theory and technology from mature engineering disciplines, such as test coverage analysis, risk analysis and entropy value method to form an interdisciplinary approach. In this paper, a new entropy principle perspective on legislative issues is proposed, which can be extended to the whole judicial system. The proposals in this paper would guide and promote the rational and orderly development of the construction of the rule of law in China.

Key words: scientific legislation, entropy theory, risk analysis, positive entropy, negative entropy

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