北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 83-90.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0243

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

从员工满意度看国有企业福利制度改革

孙永勇1, 石蕾2   

  1. 1. 华中师范大学 公共管理学院, 湖北 武汉 430079;
    2. 武汉大学 生命科学学院, 湖北 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-25 出版日期:2018-07-25 发布日期:2018-07-26
  • 作者简介:孙永勇(1975-),男,湖北襄阳人,副教授,博士,研究方向为社会保障理论与政策.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社科基金年度项目(14BSH034)

On State-owned Enterprise Welfare System Reform from the Viewpoint of Employee Satisfaction

SUN Yongyong1, SHI Lei2   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration, Central China Normal University, Wuhan Hubei 430079, China;
    2. College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan Hubei 430072, China
  • Received:2016-06-25 Online:2018-07-25 Published:2018-07-26

摘要:

中国国有企业员工通常享有较高水平的福利,然而这不一定能够带来理想的效果,特别是高水平福利并不意味着同等水平的员工福利满意度。从这个角度,可以量化地考察目前中国国有企业的福利状况,分析其特点和缺陷。国外学术界早已开发出了一些福利量表,可以在此基础上设计出新的福利量表,用以验证了中国国有企业福利满意度水平,结果发现中国国有企业员工福利制度存在一些问题:员工福利公平感较低,仍重"保障性福利";福利功能不足,未能充分考虑员工各种需求;福利能力欠缺,发展趋势缓慢;国企福利投入不菲,效果并不匹配。要改进国有企业员工福利制度,关键是要避免福利均等化,科学分担福利成本,提升福利功能和福利能力。

关键词: 员工福利, 国有企业, 员工满意度, 福利功能, 福利能力

Abstract:

The employees in Chinese state-owned enterprises usually enjoy high-level staff welfare, which has not achieved the desired effects though. Especially, high-level staff welfare does not mean equivalent satisfaction. In this sense, it is feasible to investigate quantitatively the status of the staff welfare in Chinese state-owned enterprises and analyze its features and defects. A new welfare model is designed and improved in this paper to confirm that the employee welfare of state-owned enterprises in China is short of satisfaction. Its manifestations include low sense of fairness, low satisfaction with non-monetary welfares compared to that with monetary welfares, and low satisfaction with welfare capacities compared to that with welfare functions. To improve the welfare system in Chinese state-owned enterprises, it is essential that the equalization of welfare should be prevented, that the cost of welfare should be shared scientifically, and that the welfare capacities and welfare functions should be promoted.

Key words: staff welfare, state-owned enterprises, staff satisfaction, welfare function, welfare capacity

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