北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 44-51.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0255

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

消费者权益保护法第25条之功能属性探析——基于日本经验的启示

朱涛   

  1. 天津财经大学 法学院, 天津 300222
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-01 出版日期:2017-09-25 发布日期:2017-10-12
  • 作者简介:朱涛(1977-),男,河北保定人,讲师,博士研究生,研究方向为民法、消费者法.

Analysis on Nature and Functions of Clause 25 of Consumer Protection Law Inspired by Japanese Experiences

ZHU Tao   

  1. Law School, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, Tianjin 300222, China
  • Received:2016-07-01 Online:2017-09-25 Published:2017-10-12

摘要:

如何在促进经营者健康发展的同时兼顾保护消费者权益,已经成为现今社会重点关注的问题。在国际比较法层面,对消费者赋予撤回权被认为是有效的解决手段。中国消费者权益保护法虽已在总体结构上导入了该制度,但由于理论贮备上的不足,消费者撤回权和传统民法之间的关系没有得到清晰的解释。如果在理论体系上对消费者撤回权的理解产生偏差,则制度背后的基础将难以实现兼容。因此,诸如明确当事人的各种行为样态、消费者撤回权诸种适用行为的产生原因、从合同角度厘清当事人之间合意的完成程度、以及发现消费者撤回权被赋予的正当性依据等问题的研究,尤为必要。日本法中的相关条文设置,在解决上述诸多问题方面有独特之处,对中国消费者撤回权制度理论的研究具有借鉴和启发意义。

关键词: 消费者撤回权, 合同的拘束力, 意思表示, 经营自由, 弱者保护

Abstract:

How to balance the protection of customers' rights while encouraging operators to have a healthy development has become a major issue in the present society. From the perspective of international comparative law, endowing the customers with cooling-off is considered to be an effective resolution. Although the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Consumer Rights and Interests has introduced such rule into its overall framework, due to the lack of theory foundation, the interpretation of the relationship between a cooling-off period and the traditional civil law is not explicit and clear. Any interpretation discrepancy of the cooling-off period in the theory system will cause the foundation of the theory incompatible. Therefore, it is necessary to research the issues such as the clarification on the parties' behavioral patterns, the causes of the application of cooling-off, the completion of the agreement between the parties from contractual aspect, and the finding of foundation of legitimate of cooling-off. Such rule in the Japanese laws distinguishes in resolving the aforesaid issues, which may inspire and be referred to the cooling-off study in China.

Key words: cooling-off, binding force of contract, intention, free enterprise, protection of vulnerable group

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