北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 16-22,120.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0361

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

政策批评:当前中国公民政治参与的新形式

杜智涛   

  1. 中国青年政治学院 新闻与传播学院, 北京 100089
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-08 出版日期:2017-03-25 发布日期:2017-03-31
  • 作者简介:杜智涛(1977-),男,甘肃天水人,副教授,博士,研究方向为网络传播.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金青年项目(12CTQ046);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金资助项目(12YJCZH036)

Policy Criticism: New Form of Civic Participation under Network Environment in China

DU Zhitao   

  1. School of Journalism and Communication, China Youth University of Political Studies, Beijing 100089, China
  • Received:2016-10-08 Online:2017-03-25 Published:2017-03-31

摘要:

对公民政策批评的意义、特点及形成原因进行了分析。指出公民政策批评行为作为政治参与的一种形式,在增强公民的政治信任和决策科学上具有重要的意义;公民对政策的批评行为源于人们社会转型期各种矛盾的不满意情绪,开放的互联网环境为这种情绪的宣泄提供了便捷的渠道,人们的从众性导致群体的非理性,又进一步放大了政策批评的声音;网络意见领袖的崛起解构和削弱了官方和主流媒体主导的话语体系,成为公众的引导者、代言者、助推者。剖析了中国公民政策批评在传统与现实的融合中表现出的复杂性和差异性,即公民对高层政治的信任与对基层政府的批评共存,基于现实利益的诉求与对社会正义的追求共存,不同区域、不同年龄、不同教育程度的公民在政策批评行为中有较大的差异。

关键词: 公民, 政策批评, 政治参与, 网络环境, 意见领袖

Abstract:

As a new form of civic participation, civic policy criticism behavior can enhance political trust and scientific decision-making in China. This research points out that civic policy criticism behavior are resulted from three aspects. The first one is people's dissatisfied mood brought by different social contradictions during the transitional period. The second one is more and more open internet environment, which provides a convenient channel for draining this mood. The last but not least is social conformity, which results in collective irrationality, amplifying the voice of policy criticism. The rise of online-opinion leaders deconstructs and weakens the discourse system dominated by the official and mainstream media. They become the guide, spokesman and booster of the public. Chinese civic policy criticism shows complexity and diversity under the fusion of tradition and reality. Therefore, the trust to high-level government coexists with the criticism to grass-root government, and the pursuit of real interests demands with the social justice. And policy criticism behavior shows diversities among citizens in different areas, of different ages and with different education backgrounds.

Key words: citizen, policy criticism, political participation, network environment, opinion-leader

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