北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 46-53.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0370

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

对民用航空法修订征求意见稿的若干修改意见——以国际民用航空安保条约为视角

张卫华   

  1. 中国社会科学院 国际法研究所, 北京 100720
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-10 出版日期:2017-01-25 发布日期:2017-01-16
  • 作者简介:张卫华(1977-),男,河南平舆人,助理研究员,博士,研究方向为国际法学.

Suggestions on Revising Civil Aviation Law (Draft Articles): From Perspective of International Civil Aviation Security Conventions

ZHANG Weihua   

  1. Institute of International Law, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100720, China
  • Received:2016-10-10 Online:2017-01-25 Published:2017-01-16

摘要:

围绕中国《中华人民共和国民用航空法》(修订征求意见稿),从国际民用航空安保条约的角度出发,在深入分析国际条约对于危害民用航空安全的非法干扰行为的列举清单和管辖权的基础上,建议中国的新民航法应当在不同的条款中规定危害民用航空安全的国际罪行、普通刑事犯罪和行政违法行为;在专门条款中对涉外非法干扰行为的管辖权作出规定;并且根据民用航空安全的特殊需要,对航空器和机场内发生的非法干扰行为规定特别的行政处罚条款。

关键词: 民用航空法, 国际民用航空安保条约, 非法干扰行为, 《芝加哥公约》, 《东京公约》, 《海牙公约》, 《蒙特利尔公约》

Abstract:

This article aims at amendment suggestions on the Civil Aviation Law of the People's Republic of China (Draft Articles), and also discusses the provisions of unlawful interference. On the basis of thorough analysis of the list of unlawful interference and jurisdiction clauses in International Civil Aviation Security Conventions, this article puts forward three suggestions on the new Civil Aviation Law of our country as below:international crimes, ordinary criminal offenses and illegal acts against administration which endanger the safety of civil aviation should be stipulated in different articles; jurisdiction over foreign unlawful interference should be drafted in a specific article; and special articles on administrative penalty of unlawful interference in aircraft or airports should also be included in this Draft Articles out of the special needs of civil aviation safety.

Key words: Civil Aviation Law of the People's Republic of China, International Civil Aviation Security Conventions, unlawful interference, Chicago Convention, Tokyo Convention, Hague Convention, Montreal Convention

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