北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 143-148.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0405

• 博士生论坛 • 上一篇    

政府再造的三种范式及其选择

杨振华, 唐权   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-07 出版日期:2019-05-25 发布日期:2018-05-25
  • 作者简介:杨振华(1986-),男,河南林州人,博士研究生,研究方向为公共治理与公共政策.

Three Paradigms of Government Reengineering and Its Choosing

YANG Zhenhua, TANG Quan   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-11-07 Online:2019-05-25 Published:2018-05-25

摘要:

政府再造是公共管理研究的核心议题,而政府再造范式的研究则是这一议题的主要内容。通过系统梳理有关政府改革方面的文献,发现不同的政府改革理论存在本质关联,可将它们归入以界定为"制造一种产品的系统知识"的"技术"为标准划分得到的各种政府再造范式中,即组织再造范式、技术再造范式与混合再造范式。在综合库恩、奥斯本等的理论成果的基础上,分别从再造目标、再造主体、再造理念、再造方式四个方面对这三种范式进行了阐述。进而认为,三种政府再造范式各有其优劣及适用领域,范式的选择必须综合考虑再造环境、再造结果、再造对象、再造环境的动态变化以及资源利用等方面的实际情况。

关键词: 政府再造范式, 组织再造范式, 技术再造范式, 混合再造范式, 再造主体, 再造理念

Abstract:

Government reengineering is the core issue of Public Management Research, and the study of the paradigm of government reengineering is the main content of this issue. Through systematically reviewing the literature on the reform of the government, it is found that the different theories of government reform are essentially related, and they can be classified into various types of government reengineering paradigms such as organization reengineering paradigm, technology reengineering paradigm and mixed reengineering paradigm by taking "technical" which is defined as "the system knowledge of manufacturing a product" as the division standard. Based on the theoretical achievements of Kuhn, Osborne and other scholars, this paper respectively expounds three paradigms from four aspects: the reengineering goal, the main body, the ideas and the methods. It concludes that, each of the three kinds of government reengineering paradigms has its own advantages, disadvantages and applicable areas, and that the actual situation of the environments, the results, the objects, the dynamic change of the environments and the utilization of the resources must be taken into overall consideration when choosing the paradigm.

Key words: paradigm of government reengineering, organization reengineering paradigm, technology reengineering paradigm, mixed reengineering paradigm, reengineering main body, reengineering ideas

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