北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 122-126.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0406

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

《远山淡影》中的伦理身份与伦理选择

滕爱云   

  1. 天津大学 外国语言与文学学院, 天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-07 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2018-05-25
  • 作者简介:滕爱云(1976-),女,山东莱州人,副教授,博士,研究方向为外国文学与文化,文学伦理学批评研究.
  • 基金资助:

    天津市哲学社会科学规划课题项目(TJWW18-008)

Ethical Status and Ethical Choice in A Pale View of Hills

TENG Aiyun   

  1. Foreign Languages and Literature School, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Received:2016-11-07 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2018-05-25

摘要:

《远山淡影》是英国当代日裔小说家石黑一雄的成名作,小说以内敛、颇具张力的叙事手法书写了二战后几个日本人的故事,展现了每个人在不同伦理关系中对自我伦理身份的认知及其选择。论文用文学伦理学的批评方法,分析了小说中人物对自我伦理身份的确认及其在当时伦理处境中所做出的伦理选择。主人公悦子因无法承受原子弹爆炸对内心的巨大冲击,在生命自我意识与母亲伦理身份之间选择了前者,之后却因女儿的自杀对自己当初没能承担母亲身份而深感愧疚。而作为男性的二郎和松田重夫在家庭伦理身份和社会伦理身份之间也做出了不同选择。两者的不同选择揭示了石黑一雄在小说中寄托的伦理立场和人性关怀。

关键词: 《远山淡影》, 石黑一雄, 伦理身份, 伦理选择, 人性关怀

Abstract:

A Pale View of Hills is a famous novel written by contemporary Japanese-born British novelist Ishiguro Kazuo. The novel is written in a narrative of tension. It tells the stories of several Japanese persons after the Second World War, showing everyone's self-ethics identity cognition and choice in different ethical relations. With the Ethical Literary Criticism, the thesis analyzes the identity of the characters in the novel and their ethical choices in the ethical situation at that time. Yuezi, the protagonist, could not bear the enormous impact of the atomic bomb explosion. She chose the former between her life self-awareness and her mother's ethical identity, and then she felt guilty about her daughter's suicide. The Japanese men,Erlang and Songtian made different choices between family ethical identity and social ethical identity. The different choices show Ishiguro Kazuo's ethical stance and human concern in his novel.

Key words: A Pale View of Hills, Ishiguro Kazuo, ethical status, ethical choice, human concern

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