北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 90-98.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0419

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

现代汉语单音节动词的名词化——基于语料库的研究

高航   

  1. 解放军外国语学院 英语系, 河南 洛阳 471003
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-14 出版日期:2017-03-25 发布日期:2017-03-31
  • 作者简介:高航(1971-),男,河南西华人,教授,博士,研究方向为认知语言学、语用学.

Nominalization of Monosyllabic Verbs in Mandarin Chinese: A Corpus-based Study

GAO Hang   

  1. Department of English, PLA University of Foreign Languages, Luoyang Henan 471003, China
  • Received:2016-11-14 Online:2017-03-25 Published:2017-03-31

摘要:

现代汉语语法研究中的一个共识是单音节动词无法发生名词化。从认知语法视角观察,名词化是作为一般认知能力的组聚和概念物化作用的结果,与单音节或双音节并无必然联系。同时,单音节动词无法名词化的观点也得不到语言事实的支持。在规模为800余万字的自建语料库中考察《现代汉语词典》中收录的1 351个单音节动词发现,单音节动词能够在各种构式中发生名词化。在以认知语法为代表的广义构式语法框架中,这些名词化的形式和意义应归结于其所在的结构还是归结于其本身并不重要。

关键词: 现代汉语, 单音节动词, 名词化, 认知语法, 语料库

Abstract:

It is generally accepted among Chinese grammarians that monosyllabic verbs cannot undergo nominalization. An examination of this view from a Cognitive Grammar perspective reveals that it is untenable. Nominalization is the result of such basic cognitive abilities as grouping and conceptual reification, without any inherent connection with a verb being monosyllabic or disyllabic. Besides, the view that monosyllabic verbs cannot be nominalized is not supported by evidence of language use. We have collected 1 351 monosyllabic verbs from Modern Chinese Dictionary, and investigated their uses in a corpus of over 8 million words. The results indicate that many common monosyllabic verbs can be nominalized in various types of constructions. And it is not an issue of consequence whether we should attribute such uses to schematic constructions where they occur or to these forms themselves.

Key words: modern Chinese, monosyllabic verb, nominalization, Cognitive Grammar, corpus

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