北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 54-58.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0010

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

新科技革命背景下国外创新政策发展趋势探析

徐治立, 霍宇同   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-13 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2018-05-25
  • 作者简介:徐治立(1962-),男,河南信阳人,教授,博士,研究方向为科学政治哲学、科技政策与战略管理.
  • 基金资助:

    北京市科技计划课题(Z151100002615031)

Analysis of Foreign Innovation Policy and Developing Trend in the Revolution of New Science and Technology

XU Zhili, HUO Yutong   

  1. School fo Public Adiminstration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-01-13 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2018-05-25

摘要:

当前,全球新一轮科技革命正在孕育兴起。通过梳理近年国外主要国家创新战略文本发现,主要国家为巩固全球科技创新中的领先地位,创新政策重点支持了人工智能、先进材料、精准医学、基因技术、量子通信、先进制造、航空航天、新能源与绿色环保等前沿科技创新领域。其创新政策与战略逆向强调了科技创新的集中型支持,以科研人才建设为政策核心,完善创新联盟协作网络、强化重点创新领域资源配置倾斜、打造先进制造为核心的综合创新体系。上述政策发展趋势对中国有一定启示意义。研究认为,明确中国科技创新政策及战略与国外创新国家相对比的一致性和差别,系统性强化科技人才要素投入,完善协同创新网络,以制造业为核心深化中国科技创新布局应是新科技革命背景下中国科技创新政策发展的重点。

关键词: 新科技革命, 科技创新战略, 科技政策, 创新政策, 科技管理, 协同创新网络

Abstract:

Currently, a new round of worldwide scientific and technological revolution is ready to spring up. Through reviewing the innovation strategy documents of major foreign countries published in recent years, we found that the major developed countries, urged by the desire to consolidate their leading positions in the global scientific and technological innovation, have focused their innovation policy on supporting such frontier fields of scientific and technological innovation as artificial intelligence, advanced materials, precision medicine, gene technology, quantum communications, advanced manufacturing, aerospace, and new energy and green environmental protection. Their innovation policy and strategy stress the centralized policy support in scientific and technological innovation from the opposite side, center on the talents construction in science and technology policy, improve the collaborative network of innovation alliance, strengthen the preferential configuration of innovative resources, and build a comprehensive innovation system with advanced manufacturing as the core. The development trend of the policy provides certain inspiration for our country. This paper suggests that the next step of the development of scientific and technological innovation policy in our country in the revolution of new science and technology should focus on understanding the coherence and discrepancy between China's scientific and technological innovation and that of the foreign innovation-oriented countries, systemically strengthening the scientific and technological talent inputs, improving the collaborative innovation network and the layout of science and technology in our country by focusing on advanced manufacturing.

Key words: new scientific and technological revolution, science and technology innovation strategy, science and technology policy, innovation policy, science and technology management, collaborative innovation network

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