北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 92-97,115.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0014

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

冯内古特重构生态人类社会的生态后现代主义伦理观

陈世丹   

  1. 中国人民大学 外国语学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-17 出版日期:2017-05-25 发布日期:2017-05-27
  • 作者简介:陈世丹(1959-),男,黑龙江七台河人,教授,博士,研究方向为英美文学、西方文论、西方文化.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金资助项目(13BWW052);中国人民大学重大规划项目(16XNLG01)

Vonnegut's Ethical Notion of Ecological Postmodernism to Reconstruct An Ecological Society

CHEN Shidan   

  1. School of Foreign Languages, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2017-01-17 Online:2017-05-25 Published:2017-05-27

摘要:

美国当代著名小说家冯内古特在小说中坚持生态后现代主义伦理观,深切关心后现代、后工业、晚期资本主义时期人的生存状况与命运,用主张宇宙的所有组成部分都应该承认差异、相互包容、和谐共存的生态后现代主义伦理,建立生态社会意识形态,建构拯救人类的大家庭,恢复人与人、人与世界之间相互联系的整体性,强调生活在凝聚性文化中的生态后现代主义精神,目的在于重构一种视人与自然为宇宙组成部分的民主、和谐、生命之间相互关爱的社会。探讨冯内古特小说的后现代伦理对于推动人类不断进步,走向一种健康可持续发展的生态社会具有重要的认识论价值和现实意义。

关键词: 冯内古特小说, 后现代生态伦理, 重构生态的人类社会, 联系性, 整体性

Abstract:

Just as literary criticism of ethics indicates, literature is the product of morality, "literature is the unique expressional form of ethical concepts and moral life in a specific period of history, and literature is essentially art of ethics".In his fiction, Kurt Vonnegut, the renowned American contemporary fictionist, deeply concerned about human existence and fate in the postmodern times or the post-industrial society or late capitalism, insists on utilizing the ethic of ecological postmodernism that recognizes differences, promotes mutual tolerance, and harmonious co-existence of all the component parts of the universe, for establishing ecological social ideology, constructing extended families that can save human beings, and resuming the interconnection and wholeness of man and man, man and the world. Vonnegut further emphasizes the ethical spirit of ecological postmodernism for man living in the agglomerate culture, aiming at reconstructing a democratic, harmonious, and ecological human society in which all lives care for and love each other. The postmodern ethic that runs through Vonnegut's fiction has an important epistemological value and realistic meaning for promoting human beings to advance ceaselessly towards a healthy, ecologically sustainable society.

Key words: Vonnegut's novels, notion of postmodern ecological ethics, reconstruct an ecological human society, universal connections, integrality

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