北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 32-36.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0017

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

欧盟伽利略全球卫星导航系统的法律问题

高琦   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-20 出版日期:2017-03-25 发布日期:2017-03-31
  • 作者简介:高琦(1980-),女,河北邯郸人,讲师,博士,研究方向为外空法、比较法、国际私法.

Legal Issues on Galileo Global Navigation Satellite System

GAO Qi   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-01-20 Online:2017-03-25 Published:2017-03-31

摘要:

欧盟伽利略(Galileo)卫星导航系统是欧盟在建的世界上第一个民用全球卫星导航系统。经历了多年曲折发展,伽利略全球卫星导航系统形成了较为完备的伽利略管理与运作系统,并以立法的形式明确了系统建设和开发的战略规划、明晰了管理体系、构架了国际合作法律体系,为伽利略的国际应用与推广打下战略基础。与此同时,伽利略全球卫星导航系统在建设及运营过程中,也遇到了许多法律问题,如国际赔偿责任、豁免和外交特权以及民事责任等。如何产业布局、明晰职责、防控风险,这都是值得北斗导航条例借鉴的宝贵经验。

关键词: 欧盟伽利略全球卫星导航系统, 管理构架, 法律责任, 导航责任, 导航立法

Abstract:

Galileo Global Navigation Satellite System is the first civil GNSS of the world constructed and owned by European Union.Through many years' development,Galileo system had formulated a better management and operation system. European Council and European Parliament issued a series of regulation to clarify the steps of development, the structure of management and the framework of international cooperation, which are the bases for operation and application of Galileo GNSS. At the same time, Galileo system also encountered many legal issues such as international liability, diplomatic privileges and immunity, civil liability etc. It is necessary to consider their successful achievements in BDS law-making process.

Key words: Galileo Global Navigation Satellite System, management structure, civil liability, liability of GNSS, regulation on GNSS

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