北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 37-45.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0018

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

浅析外空活动长期可持续性的国际合作问题

尹玉海, 颜永亮   

  1. 深圳大学 法学院, 广东 深圳 518060
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-20 出版日期:2017-03-25 发布日期:2017-03-31
  • 作者简介:尹玉海(1964-),男,北京人,教授,博士,研究方向为国际公法学和外层空间法学.

Issues Confronting Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities in Field of International Cooperation

YIN Yuhai, YAN Yongliang   

  1. Law School, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Guangdong 518060, China
  • Received:2017-01-20 Online:2017-03-25 Published:2017-03-31

摘要:

根据不同的标准分类,国际空间合作有多样的形式。1996年联合国《国际空间合作宣言》为国际空间合作确立了八项指导原则,国际合作可以为外空活动长期可持续性工作提供技术和资金的支持,以及法律规范的支撑,故非常必要;然而在外空活动长期可持续性工作中的国际合作经常受到国际政治的消极影响,既缺乏国际协定或国际习惯的规范,又没有国际组织或机构的监督执行,所以目前外空活动长期可持续性问题的解决只能寄希望于《外空活动长期可持续性指南》的制定和执行,但是该指南23关于国际合作机制的规定就有很大的局限性;鉴于此,国际社会可以在技术合作、法律合作、设立基金会、设立外空活动长期可持续性委员会或国际空间合作组织等方面加强合作以促进外空活动的长期可持续性。

关键词: 国际空间合作, 指导原则, 外空活动长期可持续性, 必要性, 指南

Abstract:

International space cooperation can be categorized variously according to different classificationstandards. The "Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of Developing Countries" puts forward eight guiding principles for the international space cooperation, which may provide not only the technological and financial assistance but also legal guidance for the long-term sustainability of outer space activities and thus is very important. However, in the work of seeking the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, the international cooperation of space-faring countries is very often affected by the international political situation and is carried out without not only the regulation of international treaties or customary laws but also the implementation and supervision of international organizations or organs. Consequently, the resolution of the issue of long-term sustainability of outer space activities has to rely primarily on the Guidelines for the Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities, but there are some limitations about the provisions of international cooperation in the Guideline 23. In this sense, international community may seek to strengthen the international cooperation in the field of space technology, law, finance and organization in order to achieve the long-term sustainability of outer space activities.

Key words: international space cooperation, guiding principles, long-term sustainability of outer space activities, necessity, guidelines

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