北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 17-24.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0023

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京市行政-立法关系研究——基于北京市人大立法过程的视角

陈文博, 蒋沅嫄   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-05 出版日期:2017-05-25 发布日期:2017-05-27
  • 作者简介:陈文博(1987-),男,福建厦门人,讲师,博士,研究方向为立法机构、政府改革与治理等.
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务专项资金资助项目(YWF-16-RWXY-009);北京市社会科学基金青年项目(16ZGC016)

Research on Beijing Executive-legislative Relations: A Perspective of Legislative Process of Beijing Municipal People's Congress

CHEN Wenbo, JIANG Yuanyuan   

  1. School of Public Management, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-02-05 Online:2017-05-25 Published:2017-05-27

摘要:

基于北京市人大常委会门户网站,通过收集第十三、十四届北京市人大在立法过程各个阶段的实证数据,分析了北京市人大和政府在立法过程中各自所发挥的作用,从而探究北京市行政-立法关系。研究发现,北京市人大在现实运行中尚未实现其主导功能,具体表现为:"官员"代表和兼职代表比例高、"行政部门化"趋向、程序性手段效用缺失、立法解释权虚置。但是,与此同时实证数据也显示北京市近两届人大正通过调整代表结构、提前介入、强化实质性审议等手段提升立法自主性,推动人大制度与时俱进。

关键词: 行政-立法关系, 北京市人大, 行政机关, 立法过程, 立法自主性, 人大制度

Abstract:

In order to explore the executive-legislative relations in Beijing, this article discusses the roles of the Beijing Municipal People's Congress (PC) and government in various legislative stages by collecting and analyzing the empirical data from the official website of the Standing Committee of Beijing Municipal PC. The findings show that Beijing Municipal PC hasn't achieved its guiding function in the legislative process due to the high ratio of ‘official’ and part-time deputies, the tendency of administrative departmentalization and the lack of legislative procedure effectiveness. However, the empirical data shows that, in order to keep the People's Congress system advancing with the times, Beijing Municipal PC is enhancing its independence through the adjustment of deputies' structure, in-advance legislative intervention and improvement of substantial deliberation.

Key words: executive-legislative relations, Beijing Municipal People's Congress, executive, legislative process, legislative independence, People's Congress System

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