北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 33-42.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0061

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

基层政府购买公共法律服务的途径

涂晓芳, 付庆伟   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 人文社会科学学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-10 出版日期:2017-07-25 发布日期:2017-07-21
  • 作者简介:涂晓芳(1975-),女,河南周口人,副教授,博士,研究方向为公共政策和社会组织治理.
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目(YWF-15-RWXY-001)

Approach to Procurement of Public Legal Services by Basic-Level Government

TU Xiaofang, FU Qingwei   

  1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-03-10 Online:2017-07-25 Published:2017-07-21

摘要:

基层政府购买公共法律服务作为一种诉诸市场理性和效率的新型公共法律服务供给方式,对其购买途径的研究可以通过描述当前中国的具体现状,以更好地回应公民的多元公共法律服务需求。通过建立描述型框架和采用跨案例聚类分析方法对购买途径进行分析,指出,购买途径中存在购买内容界限模糊、购买范围狭窄、规定型购买缺乏统筹、裁量型购买不足、购买途径失衡等问题。在此基础上提出完善制度以厘清购买内容界限、考量"公共性"以拓宽购买范围、构建工作机制以统筹规定型购买、培育民众信任以引导裁量型购买、规范公开招标及政府补贴和加强监督公开以规范私人关系的购买途径等政策建议。

关键词: 基层政府, 公共法律服务, 购买途径, 多案例研究, 政策建议

Abstract:

Basic-level governmental procurement of public legal services is a new supply of public legal services containing market rationality and efficiency. Exploring its type and approach can describe the current basic situation in China, so as to better respond to the needs of diverse public legal services. This paper attempts to classify the purchase approaches by establishing a descriptive framework and using cross-case clustering analysis. In this paper, the author finds that there are some problems in the purchase way, such as the fuzzy boundary of the purchased content, the narrow purchase scope, the lack of the whole consideration about regulated purchase, the insufficient discretionary purchase and the imbalance of the purchasing channels. Based on the above, this paper brings forward such policy recommendations as formulating the law to clarify the boundaries of purchase, system to clarify the content boundary, considering "publicness" to broaden the scope of purchase, constructing a working mechanism to coordinate the purchase, cultivating public confidence to guide the discretionary purchase, regulating public bidding and government subsidy and strengthening supervision to regulate the purchase of private relations.

Key words: basic-level government, public legal service, purchase approach, multi-case study, policy recommendation

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