北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 66-71,86.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0096

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国创业板公司技术创新与经营绩效实证研究

陈向东1, 王斐1, 汪玮2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 经济管理学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 中国科学院计算技术研究所, 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-17 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-09-06
  • 作者简介:陈向东(1953-),男,山东淄博人,教授,博士,研究方向为技术创新管理与区域创新系统.

Technology Innovation and Business Performance: An Empirical Study on China's GEM Listed Companies

CHEN Xiangdong1, WANG Fei1, WANG Wei2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Institute of Computing Technology Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2017-04-17 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-09-06

摘要:

用科技创新来驱动经济发展,引领实体经济转型升级,是当前中国经济发展的核心战略。创业板上市公司大多为科技创新型企业,这类企业的发展需要用技术创新来不断驱动企业产品和服务的升级。以创业板上市公司的经营数据为研究基础,运用柯布-道格拉斯生产函数和随机前沿分析方法(SFA),从创新投入和创新效率两个方面揭示中国创业板上市公司的技术创新和经营绩效的关联性,并对技术创新效率的变化趋势以及各行业创新效率的情况进行了分析。研究表明,创业板上市公司的技术创新投入、创新效率对经营绩效都呈现正相关影响,并且技术创新效率呈现持续提升的趋势,其中,节能环保、电气设备行业技术创新效率最高。

关键词: 创业板上市公司, 技术创新投入, 创新效率, 经营绩效, 随机前沿分析

Abstract:

The use of technology innovation to drive economic development and serve the transformation and upgrading of the real economy has become one of the core strategies of China's economic development. Most of the GEM listed companies are technology-oriented enterprises, in need of technological innovation to constantly upgrade the enterprise's products and services. Therefore, this paper uses the business data of the GEM listed companies in China, and applies Cobb-douglas production function and stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to study the relationship of business performance and two factors-technology innovation input and efficiency respectively. Moreover, this paper analyzes the change trend of the innovation efficiency and the innovation efficiency of each industry. The study has shown that the technology innovation input of the GEM listed companies has positive correlation with technology innovation input and efficiency. Furthermore, technology innovation efficiency increases constantly. Energy conservation & environment protection and electrical equipment rank the top in innovation efficiency among industries.

Key words: GEM listed companies, technology innovation input, innovation efficiency, business performance, stochastic frontier analysis(SFA)

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