北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 158-162.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0167

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    

大类招生模式下学生专业选择的影响因素——以北京航空航天大学文科学生为对象

任丙强, 贾若帆   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-12 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2019-03-28
  • 作者简介:任丙强(1973-),男,吉林通化人,副教授,博士,研究方向为环境治理与公共参与.
  • 基金资助:

    北京航空航天大学教改课题(20141102)

Influential Factors of Students' Major Choice in the Context of Classified Enrollment Model: A Study of Students of Liberal Arts and Social Science

REN Bingqiang, JIA Ruofan   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-06-12 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2019-03-28

摘要:

采用问卷调查法对北京航空航天大学文科大学生的专业选择进行问卷调查,结果显示,学生的专业选择受到就业因素、个人专业兴趣因素、专业因素以及家人与朋友因素影响,其中就业因素发挥关键作用,其他三个因素影响相对较弱。从性别角度看,女性学生更加重视就业因素;从家庭状况来看,家庭收入较低的学生在专业选择时更加注重就业因素。为了学校提高学生专业选择的合理性,学校应加强对个人兴趣培养和专业选择指导,缓和专业自由选择与学校教学资源之间矛盾。

关键词: 高校教学改革, 大类招生, 专业选择, 就业因素, 个人专业兴趣

Abstract:

A questionnaire survey of the liberal arts students at Beihang University shows that students' major choice is affected by career prospects, personal interest, specialties and interpersonal relations. The career prospects of students play a key role in their decision, and the other three factors are relatively weak. The female respondents put a greater emphasis on career prospects. The students with lower family income are more concerned with career prospects than those with higher family income. In order to improve the rationality of the students' behavior, the university should strengthen the cultivation of personal interest, which can also help to ease the contradiction between free choice and the lack of teaching resources.

Key words: education reform of universities, classified enrollment of students, major choice, career prospect, personal interest

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