北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 28-36.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0188

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国民用无人机监管制度研究

高国柱   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-23 出版日期:2017-09-25 发布日期:2017-10-12
  • 作者简介:高国柱(1974-),男,吉林德惠人,副教授,博士,研究方向为国际法.

On China's Regulatory Regime for Civil Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

GAO Guozhu   

  1. School of Law, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-06-23 Online:2017-09-25 Published:2017-10-12

摘要:

中国已经初步建立了包括适航管理、运行管理、空中飞行管理、驾驶员资质管理、使用管理、频率管理等在内的民用无人机监管制度,制定和发布了一些规范民用无人机的民航法律、法规、规章和规范性文件。但总体来看,中国现有的民用无人机监管制度存在以下不足:无人机的国籍登记处于空白地带;缺乏系统完备的无人机适航管理规定;民用无人机的技术标准不健全;无人机的空域管理尚处于摸索阶段;无人机用于通航业务的规定有待落实;部际协商和沟通机制尚未建立等。应针对上述不足完善现有制度,规范无人机的行业管理,促进相关产业的发展。

关键词: 无人机, 无人机系统, 民用航空局, 监管制度, 法律体系

Abstract:

Currently, China's regulatory regime for civil Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has been established preliminarily, including airworthiness management, operational management, flight management, pilot qualification management, utilization management and frequency management, etc. Meanwhile, China has promulgated and published some acts, administrative regulations, administrative rules and normative documents with regard to civil UAV. However, the existing regulatory regime for civil UVA has the following defects:lack of relevant regulations for UVA nationality registration;lack of systematic airworthiness management regime; imperfect technical standards; space management only at an exploratory stage; impracticable regulation on utilization of UAV for general aviation; lack of coordination mechanism among competent departments. In view of the above defects, China should improve and perfect its existing regulatory regimes, regulating the industrial management and promoting the development of UAV industry.

Key words: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), UAV system, civil aviation administration, regulatory regime, legal system

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