北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 116-120.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0204

• 博士生论坛 • 上一篇    

当前教育供需矛盾产生的原因及其对策

张雅婷, 姚小玲   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-14 出版日期:2018-09-25 发布日期:2018-05-25
  • 作者简介:张雅婷(1982-),女,四川成都人,博士研究生,研究方向为教育经济与管理.

Initial Analysis on Causes and Countermeasures of Contradiction between Supply and Demand in Education

ZHANG Yating, YAO Xiaoling   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Areonautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-07-14 Online:2018-09-25 Published:2018-05-25

摘要:

近年来,随着教育事业在市场经济环境下逐步发展和探索,显现出了许多影响教育发展的突出问题,教育供需矛盾就是这些亟待解决的问题之一。教育供需矛盾主要产生于教育个人需求与教育社会需求之间的矛盾及教育社会需求和教育供给之间的矛盾这两个方面;教育供需矛盾在现下具体体现为教育培养出的研究型人才与社会对技术人才需求不符和教育资源区域配置不合理。导致上述矛盾产生主要有社会、市场、政府及教育等主体原因,为此,要深化政府与市场结合,扩大市场经济下教育发展自由度,加强政府引导和监管,紧密结合教育供给与市场需求。

关键词: 教育供需矛盾, 教育个人需求, 教育社会需求, 教育供给, 教育资源区域配置

Abstract:

In recent years, with the gradual development and exploration of educational undertakings in the market economy environment, many prominent problems affecting the development of education have also been revealed. For example, the contradiction between supply and demand of education is one of these urgent problems. The contradiction between educational supply and demand mainly arises from two aspects:on the one hand, the contradiction between the education needs of individuals and the education needs of society; on the other hand, the contradiction between the education needs of society and the supply of education. The contradiction between supply and demand of education is concretely embodied in the following aspects:the research talents trained by education and the needs of the society do not meet the needs of technical talents and the irrational allocation of educational resources areas. The main causes of these contradictions are the society, the market, the government and the education. Therefore, we must deepen the combination of government and market, expand the degree of freedom of education development in the market economy, strengthen government guidance and supervision, and closely combine educational supply and market demand.

Key words: contradiction between supply and demand of education, personal needs of education, educational social needs, education supply, regional allocation of educational resources

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