北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 19-27.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0205

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国新近民用小型无人机管控立法析评

郑派   

  1. 华东政法大学 中国法治战略研究中心, 上海 200042
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-18 出版日期:2017-09-25 发布日期:2017-10-12
  • 作者简介:郑派(1987-),男,河北容城人,讲师,博士,研究方向为国际公法、国际航空法与外层空间法.
  • 基金资助:

    上海市法学会2017年度招标课题(2017SLSZB08)

Review of the Recent U.S. Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) Rules

ZHENG Pai   

  1. Center for Rule of Law Strategy Studies, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 200042, China
  • Received:2017-07-18 Online:2017-09-25 Published:2017-10-12

摘要:

美国联邦航空局于2016年6月颁布的《联邦法规》第14编第107部分是美国民用小型无人机管控立法的最新发展,也是美国首次通过立法将小型无人机系统的飞行作业活动纳入国家空域系统进行管控。通过对立法结构的系统考查、对具体规则的细化分析和对立法特点的研究与归纳,《联邦法规》第14编第107部分围绕遥控驾驶员的认证与管理、小型无人机的适航与检测、飞行作业活动的限制与豁免等方面,为小型无人机在美国本土的飞行作业活动设定了相对严苛而审慎的管控制度,体现了将航空安全与公共安全置于首位的立法理念,同时亦适度兼顾了产业利益与消费者需求。

关键词: 无人机系统, 民用无人机系统, 小型无人机系统, 航空安全, 遥控驾驶员, 美国联邦法规

Abstract:

In July 2016, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued its final small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) rules, adding Part 107 under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), integrating civil sUAS into the National Airspace System (NAS). Part 107, as the latest development of the U.S. civil sUAS legislation, provides detailed rules as to the remote pilot certification, preflight familiarization and inspection, flight restrictions and operating limitations, and waivers etc., for the operations of civil sUAS within the United States. This paper reviews Part 107 including its structure and provisions, and briefly discusses its features with the conclusion that the FAA adopted a relatively restrictive and stringent approach to regulate civil sUAS operations.

Key words: Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), civil UAS, small UAS, aviation safety, remote pilot, U.S.CFR

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