北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 91-99.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0242

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

外空活动长期可持续性建设的国际法依据——以空间碎片主动移除为视角

龙杰   

  1. 香港大学 法律学院, 中国香港 999077
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-26 出版日期:2018-07-25 发布日期:2018-05-25
  • 作者简介:龙杰(1987-),男,侗族,贵州镇远人,博士研究生,研究方向为外空法.
  • 基金资助:

    教育部规划基金资助项目(17YJA820040)

Legal Basis of Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities: From the Perspective of Active Space Debris Removal

LONG Jie   

  1. Faculty of Law, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
  • Received:2017-08-26 Online:2018-07-25 Published:2018-05-25

摘要:

在联合国构建"外空活动长期可持续"国际机制的背景下,制定空间碎片主动移除的相关标准和程序被提上了议事日程,在相关技术标准出台之前,对其相关国际法依据的研究显得尤为必要。根据各类法律文件和国家实践,空间碎片仍然属于外空条约体系中提及的"空间物体",空间碎片的主动移除仍受到现有国际法框架的规制。对于本国的空间碎片,一国不仅有权利而且有义务进行移除;对于不能识别的空间碎片,且已对人类的共同利益造成威胁的,国际社会任何国家都有权利对其进行移除;对于可识别的他国空间碎片,在确认其危害性和紧急性的前提下,受威胁的国家和有移除能力的国家也可进行主动移除。

关键词: 外层空间活动, 长期可持续性, 空间碎片, 主动清除, 外层空间条约

Abstract:

In the context that the United Nations is building an international mechanism for "Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities", drafting relevant standards and procedures of active space debris removal was put on the agenda. Before relevant technical standards are introduced, it is necessary to study the legal issues of active space debris removal. According to various legal documents and state practice, space debris still belongs to the "space object" mentioned in the Outer Space Treaty system, and the active removal of space debris is still regulated by the existing framework of international law. The removal of the identified space debris is not only the right but also the obligation for their producing countries. For any unidentified space debris, when posing a threat to the common interests of humankind, any state of the international community has the right to remove it. In the case of facing identifiable space debris of other countries, threatened countries and countries with removal capability also have the right to actively remove the debris, subject to confirmation of the dangers and urgency.

Key words: outer space activities, long-term sustainability, space debris, active removal, outer space treaty

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