北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 77-84.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0308

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

外层空间军事对抗的国际法探析

蒋圣力   

  1. 华东政法大学 科学研究院, 上海 200042
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-31 出版日期:2018-12-25 发布日期:2018-05-25
  • 作者简介:蒋圣力(1989-),男,江苏滨海人,助理研究员,博士,研究方向为国际法学、军事法学.

Analysis of International Law on Outer Space Military Confrontation

JIANG Shengli   

  1. Institute of Social Sciences, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 200042, China
  • Received:2017-10-31 Online:2018-12-25 Published:2018-05-25

摘要:

外层空间军事对抗的概念内涵包括两方面的内容,其一是在军事对抗中通过军事化利用人造卫星以增强己方作战效能,其二则是在军事对抗中使用地基或者天基外空武器对对方目标进行攻击。就法律性质而言,外层空间军事对抗构成国际法意义上的"使用武力";就法理基础而言,自卫权在外层空间的行使为外层空间军事对抗对武力的使用提供了国际法上的合法性。基于外层空间军事对抗极有可能形成武装冲突的事实状态的现实,除了国际法基本原则和外层空间法之外,武装冲突法的各项基本原则也应当适用于外层空间军事对抗,包括限制原则、区分原则和比例原则。

关键词: 外层空间军事对抗, 外层空间军事化, 使用武力, 自卫权, 武装冲突法

Abstract:

The concept of outer space military confrontation includes two parts. The first is militarizing artificial satellites to enhance the combat effectiveness of its own side. The second is utilizing ground-based or space-based weapons to attack the other side. As to the legal character, the outer space military confrontation constitute the "use of force" in accordance with the international law. And as to the legal basis, the right of self-defense exercised in the outer space provides the legality for the use of force in the outer space military confrontation. Based on the high possibility of outer space military confrontation developing into armed conflicts, besides the basic principles of international law and outer space law, the basic principles of armed conflict law should also apply to outer space military confrontation, including principle of limitation, principle of discrimination, and principle of proportionality.

Key words: outer space military confrontation, outer space militarization, use of force, right of self-defense, armed conflict law

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