北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (1): 123-129.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0023

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

浅析中国的航天活动许可制度

支媛媛   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-22 出版日期:2019-01-25 发布日期:2019-02-19
  • 作者简介:支媛媛(1979-),女,山西灵丘人,助理研究员,博士研究生,研究方向为外层空间法.

On Space Activity Permit System in China

ZHI Yuanyuan   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-01-22 Online:2019-01-25 Published:2019-02-19

摘要:

近年来,中国航天事业迅速发展,而中国的航天活动立法则相对滞后。航天活动许可制度作为一种特殊的行政许可是航天活动立法的重要内容,它的建立是中国履行国际条约、减少财政支出、促进航天商业化发展的需要。中国航天活动许可,包括生产科研许可、民用发射许可及出口许可。目前的许可制度,存在法律层级低、法律空白、许可程序操作性不强等问题。在立法上,建议明确主管机关及许可对象、扩大许可范围、细化许可程序,增加法律的前瞻性。

关键词: 航天活动, 许可制度, 行政许可, 许可对象, 许可范围, 许可程序, 航天活动立法

Abstract:

In the past few years, the aerospace industry of China enjoyed rapid development, yet the legislation concerning aerospace activities was rather lagged. As a special administrative licensing, aerospace activity licensing system is an important part of the legislation of aerospace activities. Its establishment is necessary for China's fulfillment of international treaties, reduction of fiscal expenditures and promotion of the development of aerospace commercialization. Aerospace activity licensing includes production and scientific research licensing, civilian launching licensing and export licensing. Currently, such problems as low level of law, legal vacancy, poor operability of licensing procedures and others exist in the licensing system. In terms of legislation, it is suggested that we should clarify the competent authorities and objects of licensing, expand the scope of licensing, specifying licensing procedures and improve the foresight of law.

Key words: space activities, licensing system, administrative licensing, licensing object, licensing spectrum, licensing procedure, legislation of space activities

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