北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 111-116.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0070

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物语言学视角下语言机能争辩与思考

王震, 范琳   

  1. 北京外国语大学 外国语言研究所, 北京 100089
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-05 出版日期:2019-05-25 发布日期:2019-06-03
  • 作者简介:王震(1987-),男,安徽合肥人,讲师,博士研究生,研究方向为心理语言学和二语习得.
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2018JX002)

The Debates and Reflections on Language Faculty from the Perspective of Biolinguistics

WANG Zhen, FAN Lin   

  1. Research Institute of Foreign Languages, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing 100089, China
  • Received:2018-03-05 Online:2019-05-25 Published:2019-06-03

摘要:

自"语言机能"这一概念提出以来,受到语言学、生物学、心理学、认知科学等研究领域的广泛关注。Hauser,Chomsky和Fitch[1]、Pinker和Jackendoff[2]、Fitch,Hauser和Chomsky[3]以及Jackendoff和Pinker[4]围绕语言机能展开了辩驳,涉及语言机能分类、语言进化观等。通过对以上观点的阐释和剖析,发现其争辩焦点在于递归是否为人类和语言所独有。同时,基于近期相关研究,对语言机能加以评述,认为递归也许非人类所独有,但确定不是语言所独有。

关键词: 生物语言学, 语言机能, 递归, 语言进化, 争辩

Abstract:

The concept of language faculty has attracted extensive attention in the field of linguistics, biology, psychology and cognitive science ever since its birth. Arguments on language faculty have been offered by Hauser, Chomsky & Fitch[1], Pinker & Jackendoff[2], Fitch, Hauser & Chomsky[3] as well as Jackendoff & Pinker[4], mainly concerning the categorization of language faculty and the view on language evolution. Through the detailed interpretation and deep-going analysis of the arguments, it can be found that their disputes focus on whether recursion is unique to human and language. Finally, some comments on language faculty are made in close reference to the recent relevant studies, and thus it can be concluded that recursion may not be specific to human beings, but certainly not unique to language.

Key words: biolinguistics, language faculty, recursion, language evolution, deleate

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