北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 67-74.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0110

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国台湾地区“生育保障政策”分析

奥登1, 班晓娜2, 陈谊谨1   

  1. 1. 北京大学 人口研究所, 北京 100871;
    2. 辽宁师范大学 管理学院, 辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-09 出版日期:2018-07-25 发布日期:2018-07-26
  • 作者简介:奥登(1986-),女,蒙古族,新疆乌鲁木齐人,助理研究员,博士,研究方向为社会保障与妇女健康.
  • 基金资助:

    2017年度中国博士后科学基金项目(2017M610676)

An Analysis of Security Policy of Fertility in Taiwan of China

AO Deng1, BAN Xiaona2, CHEN Yijin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Population Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. School of Administration, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian Liaoning 116029, China
  • Received:2018-04-09 Online:2018-07-25 Published:2018-07-26

摘要:

改变中国低生育水平状态是现今社会政策研究的重点之一,中国台湾地区"生育保障政策"的调整与转变过程可以为中国大陆的政策制定提供参考与借鉴。以问题为中心的政策分析框架,对十余年来中国台湾地区主要的"生育保障政策"进行梳理,通过分析可以看出,在经过长时间的控制人口政策后,中国台湾地区选择了鼓励生育的政策,并制定了经济保障和服务需求保障等一系列"生育保障政策",但效果却不尽如人意,仍面临着巨大的挑战。中国大陆可以借鉴其宝贵经验和可行政策,加快生育保障政策完善步伐,从而更好地建立和健全与中国现阶段经济发展水平相适应的具有中国特色的生育保障体系。

关键词: 中国台湾地区, 社会保障, 生育保障, 托育服务, 政策分析

Abstract:

Changing low fertility in China is a key point in the present social research. The adjustment and transformation process of security policy of fertility in China-Taiwan may provide reference for China-mainland. Using the problem-centered policy analysis framework, this study analyzes the major security policy of fertility in China-Taiwan over the past 10 years. The results show that the government of China-Taiwan chose the policy after a long period of control policy. Reproductive security policies such as economic guarantee and service demand security were also formulated. However, the effect was not satisfactory. There are also some problems in the system. For the Mainland, government can draw lessons from China-Taiwan, and thus to build a security system of fertility matching Chinese economy level and Chinese characteristics well.

Key words: Taiwan area, social security, fertility security, child care services, policy analysis

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