北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 152-160.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0202

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

新工科建设背景下工程意识与工匠精神的培养——以土木工程类专业为例

闫长斌, 杨建中, 梁岩   

  1. 郑州大学 土木工程学院, 河南 郑州 450001
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-06 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-12-07
  • 作者简介:闫长斌(1979-),男,河南台前人,副教授,博士,研究方向为土木工程.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41972270);教育部首批新工科研究与实践项目(360A08-07-2018-0007-1);郑州大学教育教学改革研究与实践项目(2019ZZUJGLX275)

Cultivation of Engineering Consciousness and Craftsman Spirit Under Construction of Emerging Engineering Education: A Case Study of Civil Engineering Majors

YAN Changbin, YANG Jianzhong, LIANG Yan   

  1. School of Civil Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou Henan 450001, China
  • Received:2018-07-06 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-12-07

摘要:

为迎接新经济变革带来的严峻挑战,作为"卓越工程师计划"的升级版,以加入《华盛顿协议》为契机而出台的新工科建设是深化高等工程教育改革的重要举措。鉴于当前高等工程教育存在的主要问题,让工程教育回归工程势在必行,这也是新工科建设的核心理念。新工科建设是一个系统工程,从更加注重理念性、系统性、创新性、实践性和跨界性等方面对工程人才培养提出了新要求。而要实现这些新要求,必须从大工程观教育理念出发,更加重视工程意识的培养和工匠精神的塑造。以土木工程类专业为例,在具体培养环节中系统开展学生工程意识的培养和工匠精神的塑造是全面提升工程人才培养质量的关键。

关键词: 新工科, 工程教育, 工程意识, 工匠精神, 工程伦理, 土木工程

Abstract:

As an important measure to deepen the reform of higher engineering education and an upgraded version of the outstanding engineers plan, the construction of emerging engineering education has been put forward to meet the severe challenges brought by the new economic reform based on the Washington Accord. In view of the main problems existing in higher engineering education, it is imperative to return engineering education to engineering itself, which is also the core concept of the construction of emerging engineering education. The construction of emerging engineering education is a systematic project, and some new requirements for the cultivation of engineering talents have been presented in terms of conception, system, innovation, practice and transboundary. To fulfill these new requirements, more attention should be paid to the cultivation of engineering consciousness and the shaping of craftsman spirit from the perspective of the educational concept of large-scale engineering. Taking civil engineering majors as an example, to cultivate the engineering consciousness and build the craftsman spirit of students in the specific training links systematically is the key to improve the cultivation quality of engineering talents in an all-round way.

Key words: emerging engineering, engineering education, engineering consciousness, craftsman spirit, engineering ethics, civil engineering

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