北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 31-36.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0209

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

农技协在精准扶贫中的作用机制——兼谈基层科协的改革

卢晖临1, 宋鑫淼2, 赵晓萌3, 李丁4   

  1. 1. 北京大学 社会学系, 北京 100871;
    2. 香港大学 社会学系, 香港;
    3. 北京农学院 生物技术系, 北京 102206;
    4. 中国人民大学 社会与人口学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-09 出版日期:2018-09-25 发布日期:2018-10-08
  • 作者简介:卢晖临(1969-),男,安徽广德人,教授,博士,研究方向为历史社会学、农村社会学与社会学方法论.
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学技术协会资助项目(8201700368)

Agricultural Technology Association's Role in Accurate Poverty Alleviation and Reform of Grassroots Science Associations

LU Huilin1, SONG Xinmiao2, ZHAO Xiaomeng3, LI Ding4   

  1. 1. Sociology School, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Sociology School, The University of HongKong, HongKong China;
    3. Department of Biotechnology, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing 102206, China;
    4. School of Sociology and Population studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2018-07-09 Online:2018-09-25 Published:2018-10-08

摘要:

农村专业技术协会作为农村居民自发组织成立的合作组织,在帮助农民提高生产的同时,对于推进农村扶贫工作的开展也具有积极作用,但这一机制的现实应用程度还有很大的进步空间。通过对不同地区农技协开办情况的实地调研,可以看到农技协具有依靠土专家发挥作用,扶贫功能,人力和自然资源的利用最大化,沟通农户与市场的作用机制。在这一机制的实施现状中,还存在着技术程度不高、组织资源不足等问题,需要在明确农技协定位的基础上,推动基层科协的转型,进而发掘农技协在改革农民传统生产方式上的重要作用,为打赢脱贫攻坚战提供智力支持。

关键词: 农业技术协会, 农村, 农民, 精准扶贫, 基层科技协会

Abstract:

As a cooperative organization established by rural residents spontaneously organized by rural professional and technical associations, while helping farmers to improve production, it also has a positive effect on promoting the development of poverty alleviation work in rural areas. However, there is still much room for improvement in the practical application of this mechanism. Through on-the-spot investigations on the opening of agricultural technology associations in different regions, it can be seen that the Agricultural Technology Association has the role of relying on soil experts to play a role in poverty alleviation, which helps to maximize the use of human resources and natural resources, and communicates farmers and markets. In the implementation status of this mechanism, there are still problems such as low technical level and insufficient organizational resources. It is necessary to promote the transformation of grassroots science associations on the basis of clearing the agreement of agricultural technology, and then explore the traditional production of farmers by the Agricultural Technology Association. Ways to provide intellectual support for winning the fight against poverty.

Key words: Agricultural Technology Association, rural, farmers, precision poverty alleviation, Grassroots Technology Association

中图分类号: