北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 46-52.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0216

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

集体产权改革下社区治理中公民参与转型研究——以威海高区田和街道为例

涂晓芳, 王新钰   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-12 出版日期:2018-12-25 发布日期:2018-12-12
  • 作者简介:涂晓芳(1975-),女,河南周口人,副教授,管理学博士,研究方向为公共政策.

On Citizen Participation Transformation of Community Governance under Collective Property Right Reform: A Case Study of Tianhe Street in Weihai High Area

TU Xiaofang, WANG Xinyu   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-07-12 Online:2018-12-25 Published:2018-12-12

摘要:

采用案例法、访谈法,以威海高区田和街道为例对集体产权改革下社区治理中公民参与转型进行研究。研究发现,由于集体产权的改革,重构了农民与集体、政府之间的权利关系,乡村社区组织和权力结构得以重塑,公民参与空间得以拓展,公民多元利益需求被激发,资源配置效率得到提高,促使威海高区田和街道公民参与由动员式、执行式、形式化、非常规化的利益驱动型参与转向了多样化、深层化、功效强的多维组织型参与,公民参与实现质的飞跃。但针对研究过程中所发现的缺乏公民对于权力的持续监督机制、成本与效率、公民参与的制度法律保障不完善等问题,提出需要进一步加强机制建设及后续监督工作,合理平衡参与成本与产出效率,完善相关制度法律建设。

关键词: 集体产权, 公民参与, 社区治理, 治理结构, 权利关系

Abstract:

Using case study and interview, this article, with GaoTian Sub district of Weihai city as an example, analyzes the transformation of citizen participation in community governance under collective property rights reform. It finds that the collective property rights reform has reconstructed the right relationship among farmers, collective organizations and governments, reshaped the rural community organizations and their power structure, expanded the space for citizen participation, stimulated the interests requirement of citizens, improved the efficiency of resource allocation. The mobilized, implemented, formalized and unconventional interest-driven participation has substantially changed into a diversified, deep-seated and effective multi-dimensional organizational participation. For problems due to lack of continuous supervision mechanism, cost and efficiency, and institutional flaw in citizen participation, it is necessary to further strengthen the mechanism construction and follow-up supervision, properly balance the cost and output efficiency of participation, and improve the relevant institutional construction and legalization.

Key words: Collective property rights, citizen participation, community governance, governance structure, rights relationship

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