北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 142-148.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0219

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    

法国预科工业科学课程体系的发展及启示

洪冠新, Guillaume MERLE, 张瑾   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 中法工程师学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-16 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-09-06
  • 作者简介:洪冠新(1967-),女,辽宁鞍山人,教授,博士,研究方向为飞行动力学与控制.
  • 基金资助:

    法国研究中心&北京市卓越工程师教育培养计划高校联盟支持

Evolution of Industrial Science in French Preparatory School and Its Implementation in Chinese Higher Education

HONG Guanxin, Guillaume MERLE, ZHANG Jin   

  1. Sino-French Engineer School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-07-16 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-09-06

摘要:

法国预科教育体系是法国工程师教育体系的重要支撑。工业科学是法国近20年来对其预科教育体系中工程类专业课程设置的重大改革成果。工业科学课程体系的诞生背景、课程设置的定位和宗旨、教学大纲的内容和演变、教学组织的模式和方法,展现了法国工程教育改革伴随工业化进程的发展历程,诠释了法国独具特色和优势的工程人才培养模式和内涵。工业科学课程体系被引入北京航空航天大学中法工程师学院,在中国工程教育体系的教学认知和实践经验背景下,为培养国际化卓越工程师人才的教育改革提供了一定的参考。

关键词: 法国预科教育, 工程师教育, 工业科学, 课程体系, 中国高等教育, 教育改革

Abstract:

French preparatory school plays an important role in the French engineering system. Industrial Science (SI) is one of the representative courses created during the French engineering education reform over the past twenty years. French preparatory system is briefly summarized, which helps us better understand the background of the birth of the Industrial Science course. The objective, the content and the organization of SI are presented in detail, particularly the important reform over these years, which shows the relationship between the education reform and the industrial development. Based on the experiences obtained in Sino-French Engineer School in Beihang University, the implementation, adaptation and future development of SI course in China are discussed, giving a reference to the reform of Chinese higher education system.

Key words: French preparatory school, engineering education, industrial science, course organization, chinese higher education, education reform

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