北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 108-117.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0238

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

民航机上专职安保力量的配置与完善——以国际标准或建议措施为视角的比较分析

钟凯   

  1. 中国民用航空飞行学院 航空安全保卫学院, 四川 广汉 618307
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-12 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-09-06
  • 作者简介:钟凯(1983-),男,四川成都人,讲师,博士,研究方向为航空法学、刑法学、刑事政策学.

Deployment and Improvement of Full-time Security Force on Civil Aviation Aircraft

ZHONG Kai   

  1. Aviation Security Safeguard School, Civil Aviation Flight University of China, Guanghan Sichuan 618307, China
  • Received:2018-08-12 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-09-06

摘要:

空中警察和航空安全员作为中国民航机上的专职安保力量已配置多年,随着近年来立法的不断修订与完善,有关其职业身份、法律地位、任职标准和职责权限等方面的内容也逐步得以确认与规范。但在中国国际航线业务的实践中,这支专职安保力量却时常在境外面临常规执勤与案(事)件处置等方面的尴尬。为了找到问题的症结,需要对国内法与国际法关于民航机上专职安保力量配置的相关立法、标准、建议进行比较研究,从而确证国际、国内在机上专职安保力量的概念、地位、职责、权限等问题上的差异,并结合中国国情与实际,从职责权限的设置到国际合作的强化等方面提出可能的完善方案。

关键词: 国际公约, 民航, 机上保安员, 空中警察, 航空安全员

Abstract:

Air marshal and in-flight security staff have been deployed on Chinese civil aviation aircraft as a full-time security force for a long time. In recent years, the relevant law was constantly revised and improved, and occupational identity, legal status, qualification, responsibility and authority of the air marshal and in-flight security staff were all confirmed and normed. But in the practice of Chinese international airline business, there are some embarrassing dilemmas in abroad such as the routine duties of the air marshal and in-flight security staff and their disposition of cases. To find the key to the problems, the paper makes a comparative study on international law and domestic law in the aspects of legislation, standard and proposal. The research finds that there are differences on conception, status, responsibility and authority between the international law and the domestic law on the full-time security force. At last, combined with China's national conditions and reality, the paper puts forward improvement plans for both the responsibility and authority permission setting and international co-operation.

Key words: international convention, civil aviation, in-flight security officer, air marshal, in-flight security staff

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