北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 7-15.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0318

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

网络平台责任的理论与实践——兼议与我国电子商务平台责任制度的对接

魏露露   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-30 出版日期:2018-12-25 发布日期:2018-12-12
  • 作者简介:魏露露(1986-),女,河南洛阳人,北京航空航天大学法学院博士后,法学博士,研究方向为网络法.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金重大项目(16ZDA075)

On Theories of Internet Platform Responsibility and Connection with Chinese E-commerce Platform Responsibility Regime

WEI Lulu   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-10-30 Online:2018-12-25 Published:2018-12-12

摘要:

网络平台责任制度是法律为了实现一定的互联网规制目的,对网络平台"守门人"能力加以利用或规范的互联网治理制度。国内外网络平台责任制度的理论与实践的发展大致呈现出对应的三个阶段。理论上,平台责任制度的发展可以用机构"守门人"、技术"守门人"和算法"守门人"三个理论框架进行归纳,分别对应法律对早期互联网平台的规制宽容政策,近年来要求平台超越"避风港"原则之外履行更多的内容把关责任的实践及争议,以及大数据背景下法律开始转而对平台的"守门人"权力本身进行技术规制的立法实践。我国2018年通过的《电子商务法》即体现了平台责任制度从间接责任到自己责任、从行为规制到技术规制的制度功能扩张。未来的网络平台责任制度应该包含对公开信息内容监管和对平台技术运营过程与结果的治理两方面的制度内容与功能。而探索实现多元利益平衡,与市场激励相容的平台责任实施路径将成为平台责任制度研究中重要的理论和实践问题。

关键词: 网络平台责任, “守门人”, 电子商务法, 技术规制, 价值平衡

Abstract:

Internet platform responsibility is the legal conscription and regulation of the gatekeeping power of platform to achieve certain internet regulatory aims. There are three stages of the development of internet platform responsibility theory and practice. Theoretically, it can be understood in the frameworks of institutional "gatekeeper", Technical "gatekeeper" and algorithmic "gatekeeper", which respectively correspond to the regulatory tolerance of internet platforms, the increasing pressure for more content gatekeeping obligation of platform beyond "safe harbor" and its controversy, and the direct regulation of the gatekeeping power of platform in context of ubiquitous computing. The new Chinese "E-Commerce Law" of 2018 represents the function expansion of platform responsibility regime from indirect tort liability to accountability, from behavior control to technology regulation. All in all, internet platform responsibility regime in the future should include the gatekeeping obligation of platform for hosted content as well as the regulation of the technical and business operation of platforms. It is essential to further study an implementing approach of platform responsibility which can reach balance of multiple interests, and the compatibility with market incentives.

Key words: Internet platform responsibility, gatekeeper, E-commerce law, technology regulation, value balance

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