北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 60-69.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0018

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

新时代中国社会救助精准治理——现状、挑战与改进

胡宏伟1, 杜晓静2   

  1. 1. 中国人民大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100872;
    2. 华中农业大学 文法学院, 湖北 武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-07 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2019-03-28
  • 作者简介:胡宏伟(1980-),男,河北保定人,副教授,博士,研究方向为社会保障、老年问题.
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(19XNB015)

The Targeted Governance of Social Assistance System in New Era of China: Current Situation, Challenges and Improvement Path

HU Hongwei1, DU Xiaojing2   

  1. 1. Renmin University of China, Institute of Public Administration, Beijing 100872, China;
    2. Huazhong Agricultural University, College of Humanity and Law, Wuhan Hubei 430070, China
  • Received:2019-01-07 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2019-03-28

摘要:

社会救助精准治理是中国社会主义进入新时代的必然要求,也是提升国家治理能力、实现治理现代化的重要内容。基于国家治理框架和政策精准性要素,提出了分析社会救助精准治理的政策要素分析框架,作为全文的分析基础。在社会救助框架体系方面,中国确立了"8+1"的基本制度架构;在精准治理现状方面,中国社会救助体系日益完善、治理能力不断提升,呈现宏观、中观、微观多层次并行优化的良好局面;在挑战分析方面,中国社会救助精准治理仍存在诸多不足,在目标、主体、对象、内容、水平、经办、支撑七个维度,社会救助精准治理均面临不同程度的挑战。基于上述分析,围绕政策要素分析框架,提出了改进中国社会救助精准治理的框架性建议。

关键词: 社会救助, 精准治理, 政策要素框架

Abstract:

Taking targeted measures of social assistance system is an inevitable requirement of the new period, an effective route of upgrading governance capabilities, and an important part of modernizing governance in the new era of China. Based on the framework of state governance and the element of targeted governance, this article puts forward a framework to analyze the social assistance policy. Firstly it introduces the institutional framework of social assistance, the government established the framework of "8+1". Then it discusses the targeted governance of social assistance system from the aspects of current situation, challenges and improving path in the new era of China. In current situation, China's social assistance system and the governance capability are improving, presenting a good situation of macroscopic, mesoscopic, microscopic and multi-level parallel optimization. In the challenging aspect, it is found that the social assistance system has many deficiencies with lots of challenges in seven dimensions, including subjection, objection, content, level, handling, and support, etc. In summary, it is suggested that the Chinese government should improve the level of social assistance system and the targeted governance basing on the policy element framework.

Key words: social assistance system, targeted governance, policy element framework

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