北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 27-33.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0039

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国建成世界最大社会保障体系后的政策选择

单大圣   

  1. 国务院发展研究中心, 北京 100010
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-21 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2019-03-28
  • 作者简介:单大圣(1984-),男,湖北黄梅人,副研究员,博士,研究方向为社会建设与社会管理.

China's Policy Choice after Establishing the World's Largest Social Security System

SHAN Dasheng   

  1. Development Research Center of the State Council, Beijing 100010, China
  • Received:2019-01-21 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2019-03-28

摘要:

改革开放40年来,经过不懈努力,中国建成了世界最大的社会保障体系。在这一过程中,社会保障的历史方位也发生着转折性变化,从经济体制改革的配套工程演变为现代国家治理的基础制度。但是,中国社会保障体系虽大却不够强,还难以适应国家治理体系和治理能力现代化的要求。未来要努力提高社会保障质量,建议可从提高社会保障决策层次、推动社会保障制度尽快成熟定型、扩大社会保障制度的开放性和灵活性、加强社会保障公共服务体系建设方面着手,建立相对集中的社会保障管理体制。

关键词: 社会保障体系, 国家治理, 社会保障质量, 社会保障管理体制, 公共服务

Abstract:

China has established the world's largest social security system since it launched its Reform and Opening-up program 40 years ago. Over the course of the reform, the function of social security system has significantly transformed from a supporting project for economic reform to the institutional basis of modern national governance. Yet, China's social security system is not strong enough to meet the demands of modernizing national governance system and ability. In the future, China needs to improve the quality of social security, for which more work needs to be done in terms of policy-making, institutionalization, openness, flexibility and centralization of management.

Key words: social security system, national governance, social security quality, social security management system, public service

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