北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 19-26,51.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0044

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

民法典合同编增设商业特许经营合同章的必要性及其制度要点

林洹民   

  1. 法兰克福大学 法学院, 法兰克福 60323
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-26 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2019-03-28
  • 作者简介:林洹民(1988-),男,山东烟台人,博士研究生,研究方向为民商法和网络法.

On the Necessity of Adding Commercial Franchise Contract into China's Civil Code and Its Design Point

LIN Huanmin   

  1. Law School, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt 60323, Germany
  • Received:2019-01-26 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2019-03-28

摘要:

民法典合同编如若增加商业特许经营合同这一新的合同类型,那么这既有利于彰显"民商合一"的立法体例,又有助于将介于组织与合同之间的混合经济模式纳入法律规范的范畴,同时也能为司法实践提供清晰的规则指引。商业特许经营合同章应致力于防止双方为投机行为,促进合作共赢。这从制度设计上集中表现为缔约前特许人的先合同信息说明义务,履约阶段合同当事人特殊的权利和义务设计以及被特许人的合同退出保护机制等。

关键词: 商业特许经营合同, 民法典编纂, 民商合一, 混合经济模式, 先合同信息说明义务

Abstract:

Commercial franchise contract should be written as one contract type in China's Civil Code, which not only helps to highlight the legislative style of the combination of civil and commercial law, but also incorporate the hydride model between organization and contract into the legal system. Meanwhile it can also provide clear legal norms to judicial practice. The aim of commercial franchise contract chapter is to prevent contract partners from speculating and promote cooperation. This is mainly reflected in the system design as the pre-contractual duty to inform of the franchisor, the special rights and obligations of the parties at the performance stage and the protection mechanism for franchisee to step out of the contract relationship.

Key words: commercial franchise contract, civil code codification, combination of civil and commercial law, hydride model, pre-contractual duty to inform

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