北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 92-100.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0120

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

通用航空发展研究的热点与演进——基于知识图谱的可视化研究

杨凤田1, 李作学2, 马婧婧2, 黄涛2   

  1. 1. 辽宁通用航空研究院, 辽宁 沈阳 110136;
    2. 沈阳航空航天大学 经济与管理学院, 辽宁 沈阳 110136
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-08 发布日期:2020-06-03
  • 作者简介:杨凤田(1941-),男,辽宁义县人,飞机总体设计专家,中国工程院院士,辽宁通用航空研究院院长,研究方向为飞机设计、通用航空.
  • 基金资助:
    中国工程院咨询研究重点项目(2017-XZ-03);教育部人文社会科学研究重大课题委托项目(15JDGC024);辽宁省教育厅人文社会科学研究一般项目(JYT19017);辽宁省科技厅软科学研究项目(2019JH4/10100024)

Research Hotspots and Evolution of General Aviation Development: A Visualization Study Based on Knowledge Mapping

YANG Fengtian1, LI Zuoxue2, MA Jingjing2, HUANG Tao2   

  1. 1. Liaoning General Aviation Academy, Shenyang Liaoning 110136, China;
    2. School of Economics and Management, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang Liaoning 110136, China
  • Received:2019-04-08 Published:2020-06-03

摘要: 通用航空发展已经提升为国家战略,也是中国目前发展前景较好的战略性新型产业之一。为了准确把握通用航空发展的国内外研究热点与演进趋势,基于Web of Science核心合集数据库和中国知网(CNKI)数据库,搜集通用航空相关研究文献,运用CiteSpace工具软件绘制了该领域研究的时空分布、作者分布、关键词共现、演进趋势等知识图谱。知识图谱形象直观地展现了当前该领域的热点与演进历程,即通用航空研究的热度在持续走高;国际上通用航空研究以美国、英国、德国等发达国家为主,中国的研究呈现追赶态势;研究热点领域呈现出重点协调发展特点;研究热点包括通用航空飞行活动与飞行管理、低空空域管理、航空制造业与产业链、通用航空服务、临空经济与通用航空产业多元发展五个阶段的演进,其中低空空域管理一直是制约通用航空发展的最大瓶颈,也是未来发展的关键。

关键词: 通用航空, 研究主题热点, 知识图谱, 可视化分析, 空域管理

Abstract: The general aviation has been upgraded to a national strategy, and becomes one of the strategic new industries with the good development prospects in China. In order to accurately grasp the domestic and international research hotspots and evolution trends of general aviation development, the paper collects the general aviation related literature based on the Web of Science core collection database and the domestic CNKI database, and draws the mapping about the time and space of distribution, the author of distribution, keyword co-occurrence and evolution trends by using the Citespace software. Knowledge mapping vividly shows the current hotspots and evolution process in this field:The research on general aviation at home and abroad continues to rise. The international research is mainly based on the developed countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany, while China is in a catch-up situation. The domestic research hotspots show the characteristics of key and coordinated development. The evolving research hotspots display five stages:Flight activities and flight management of general aviation, low-altitude airspace management, aviation manufacturing and industrial chain, general aviation services, airport economy and general aviation industry. Low-altitude airspace management is the biggest bottleneck in the development of general aviation, which is also the key factor in the future development.

Key words: general aviation, research topic hotspots, knowledge mapping, visual analysis, airspace management

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