北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 97-107.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0121

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

企业并购对军用技术创新的影响

陈波, 刘珊君, 王萍萍   

  1. 中央财经大学 国防经济与管理研究院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-09 发布日期:2020-07-31
  • 作者简介:陈波(1971-),男,宁夏彭阳人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为军民融合、国防工业.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71403308);中央财经大学全球经济与可持续发展研究中心战略安全与国家动员能力建设专项(2018)

Impact of Mergers and Acquisitions on Military Technological Innovation

CHEN Bo, LIU Shanjun, WANG Pingping   

  1. Institute of Defense Economics and Management, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2019-04-09 Published:2020-07-31

摘要: 近年来,美国与军用技术生产研发有关的企业并购越来越频繁,那么企业并购对其军用技术创新的影响到底如何?将知识基础观与国防工业的特点相结合,提出了国防企业的并购活动对其军用技术创新的可能影响机制。通过对美国11家大型国防企业的实证研究发现,技术并购活动对国防企业军用技术创新绩效会产生正向作用,但随着时间推移影响程度逐渐变小;非技术并购活动在短期内对其军用技术创新绩效没有显著影响,长期内具有负向影响;目标方的绝对知识规模和相对知识规模对其军用技术创新绩效分别具有非线性和负向影响。

关键词: 技术并购, 非技术并购, 知识基础观, 创新绩效, 国防企业

Abstract: In recent years, mergers and acquisitions related to military technology production and R&D in the United States have become more and more frequent. What is the impact of mergers and acquisitions on military technology innovation? Combining the knowledge-based view with the characteristics of national defense industry, this paper proposes the possible influence mechanism of mergers and acquisitions activities of national defense enterprises on their military technological innovation. Through the empirical study of eleven large defense enterprises in the United States, it is found that technology mergers and acquisitions have a positive effect on the performance of military technological innovation of defense enterprises, but the degree of influence decreases gradually; non-technology mergers and acquisitions have no significant impact on the performance of military technological innovation in the short term, but have a negative impact in the long term; the absolute knowledge scale and relative knowledge scale of the target party has non-linear and negative impact on the performance of military technological innovation, respectively.

Key words: technological M&A, non-technological M&A, knowledge-based view, innovation performance, defense enterprises

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