北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 30-37.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0154

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

立法机构“回归”社会:国外议会的探索及启示

严行健   

  1. 华东政法大学 政治学研究院, 上海 201620
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-13 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-09-06
  • 作者简介:严行健(1986-),男,江西南昌人,副教授,博士,研究方向为人民代表大会及各国立法机构.
  • 基金资助:

    华东政法大学科学研究项目(2018ZZX03)

On Re-Socialisation of Legislatures: A Comparative Analysis

YAN Xingjian   

  1. East China University of Political Science and Law, Institute of Political Science, Shanghai 201620, China
  • Received:2019-05-13 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-09-06

摘要:

立法专业化、委员会化和互联网兴起等因素削弱了立法机构与社会的联系,这已成为包括人民代表大会在内的各国立法机构面临的共同挑战。在试图让立法机构重新"回归"社会方面,一些国家的议会尝试了设立议会媒体、向青少年提供教育资源以及巡展等方式,表明这些议会试图建立一种新型的"立法机构-社会"关系,而不是简单回归传统的"议员-选民"关系。这些案例除了为完善人大制度提供一些具体参考,也彰显出在加强人大代表同群众的联系之外,还应通过制度创新,增强人大制度本身的社会存在感、信任感和效能感。

关键词: 人民代表大会, 人大代表, 社会影响力, 比较研究

Abstract:

The growing professionalisation and committee domination of legislation, as well as the development of internet weaken the legislature-social linkage, making it a common threat to the legislatures worldwide, including China's People's Congress. In rebuilding the linkage, legislatures of many countries tried to establish legislative media, offer education service to young person, and engage in outreach activities. Those endeavours illustrate their attempt to set up a new "legislature-society" relationship, rather than the traditional "parliamentarian-voter" linkage. The cases examined in this paper offer new ideas to the development of the People's Congress. They also show the importance of enhancing Chinese legislature's social impact.

Key words: People's Congress, People's Congress deputy, social impact, comparative analysis

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