北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 65-71.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0171

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境冲突中的原因分析:资源、利益与信息

李凯林1, 李全喜2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京邮电大学 马克思主义学院, 北京 100876
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-27 发布日期:2021-06-08
  • 作者简介:李凯林(1993-),男,河南商丘人,博士研究生,研究方向为环境冲突.
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDB143)

Causes of Environmental Conflict: Resources, Interests and Information

LI Kailin1, LI Quanxi2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Marxism, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
  • Received:2019-05-27 Published:2021-06-08

摘要: 从冲突本身切入分析环境冲突,并从资源、利益与信息三个方面对环境冲突的原因进行分析与探讨。通过分析陕西凤翔血铅事件和广东茂名芳烃(PX)项目事件两大案例,研究环境冲突发生的两条基本路径:一是污染冲突中资源稀缺到利益冲突的直接路径,也就是已经形成的环境污染带来的直接利益冲突;二是邻避冲突中资源稀缺通过信息闭塞导致可感知利益冲突的间接路径,也就是环境污染尚未形成,但是存在可感知的利益冲突。以此来解释资源、利益与信息在诱发环境冲突中的互动机制。研究认为,环境冲突研究的预防也应当以此为切入点,着力构建和完善参与机制、协商机制和信任机制。

关键词: 环境冲突, 污染冲突, 邻避冲突, 资源稀缺, 信息闭塞, 信息错位, 利益分歧, 利益对立

Abstract: From the perspective of conflict, this paper analyzes mass incidents of environmental pollution. This paper analyzes and discusses the causes of mass incidents of environmental pollution from three aspects:Resources, interests and information. In two cases, Shaanxi Fengxiang blood lead and Guangdong Maoming PX events, the pollution of the environment of mass incidents happens in two basic paths:one is pollution resource scarcity to conflicts of interest conflict in the direct path, i.e., the direct conflict of interest brought by the environmental pollution; the other is the indirect path from the scarcity of resources to the perceptible conflict of interest through the blocking of information, i.e., the environmental pollution has not yet formed, but there are perceptible conflicts of interest used to explain the interaction mechanism of resources, interests and information in inducing environmental conflicts. The study believes that the prevention of mass incidents of environmental pollution should also take this as a starting point, and focus on the construction and improvement of participation mechanism, consultation mechanism and trust mechanism.

Key words: environmental conflict, pollution conflicts, NIMBY conflict, scarcity of resources, information occlusion, misinformation, differences of interest, contradiction of interests

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