北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 122-128.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0192

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

民航旅客个人信息保护的法律规制研究

刘光才1, 靳璐2   

  1. 1. 中国民航大学 通用航空学院, 天津 300300;
    2. 中国民航大学 法学院, 天津 300300
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-18 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-02-25
  • 作者简介:刘光才(1966-),男,湖北襄樊人,教授,博士,研究方向为航空经济管理、航空法及通用航空.
  • 基金资助:
    国家软科学研究计划项目(2013GXS4B094);《中华人民共和国航空法(草案)》起草研究(HX407)

Law Regulation of Civil Aviation Passengers' Personal Information Protection

LIU Guangcai1, JIN Lu2   

  1. 1. School of General Aviation, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China;
    2. School of Law, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China
  • Received:2019-06-18 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-02-25

摘要: 信息洪流在给社会带来变革的同时,也在法律领域催发了一场信息保护革命。民航业作为拥有巨大信息体量的朝阳行业,旅客个人信息保护问题不容小觑。与一般行业不同,民航旅客个人信息蕴含的真实性、国家安全属性、跨境性、所涉主体数量以及商品性显得尤为突出,由于第三方信息处理者的介入,民航旅客信息泄露案件也变得更为复杂。时下,中国个人信息保护规则呈现原则性较强、多部门分散规制及法律体系不健全的状态,民航旅客个人信息法律保护的特殊性彰显不足,应建立"法律-法规-规章-标准(指南)"相配套的民航旅客个人信息保护法律体系,从明确民航旅客个人信息保护义务及责任承担,行业信息安全标准及立体监管机制方面强化个人信息的保护。

关键词: 民航旅客, 个人信息, 大数据, 旅客信息保护, 第三方信息处理者

Abstract: While various information changes the society, it also ignited a revolution in information protection on the law. Civil aviation industry is a rising industry with massive information. The importance of its personal information protection cannot be underestimated. The personal information of civil aviation passengers has the characteristics of authenticity, national security, cross-border nature, multiple links and commodity, which is more prominent than the general industry. Due to the involvement of third-party information processors, the case of civil aviation passenger information leakage has also become more complicated. At present, China has more principled provisions on the protection of personal information, and the legislation is relatively scattered and not perfect. Personal information legal protection of the civil aviation passengers is insufficient in term of particularity. Legal system over civil passengers' personal information protection should be established with "laws, administrative regulation, regulations, standards (guidelines)". We shall clarify civil aviation passengers' personal information protection obligations and responsibility, establish recommended industry standard and construct a stereoscopic supervision in information governance.

Key words: civil aviation passengers, personal information, big data, passengers' information protection, third-party information processors

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