北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 25-34.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0200

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国网络安全监控战略与法制变迁及其启示

李建伟   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-25 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-06-03
  • 作者简介:李建伟(1980-),男,山西长治人,助理研究员,博士研究生,研究方向为网络空间安全法.

Strategy and Legal System Changes of American Cybersecurity Monitor and Its Enlightenment

LI Jianwei   

  1. School of Law, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-06-25 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-06-03

摘要: 美国网络安全战略逐步演进,以保护网络空间关键基础设施为中心,发展出针对政府部门与私营企业之间合作、促进网络公共信息共享和保护公民信息隐私安全和自由三方面的应对战略,通过系列行政命令、行政指令以及联邦法律等上升为国家战略。随着网络安全政策的成熟,美国现行分散式立法已不能满足需求,政府和国会积极推动综合性网络安全立法。中国是国际互联网经济与安全体系的重要成员,独立的国家利益和主权保护需求,决定了必须建立自身内在逻辑连贯的互联网战略框架及制度化体系。美国互联网战略与法制变迁提供了思考中国互联网治理秩序建构问题最相关的参照系,值得进行有针对性的吸收借鉴。

关键词: 互联网, 网络安全, 网络战略, 法制变迁, 个人信息保护

Abstract: The U.S. cybersecurity policy has evolved and developed a three-sided strategy synergy. Focusing on the protection of critical infrastructure in cyberspace, these strategies consist of cooperation between government departments and private companies, promotion of online public information sharing and coping strategies to protect the privacy and freedom of citizen information privacy. These solutions have been promoted to national strategies through a series of executive orders, administrative instructions, and federal laws. With the maturity of the U.S. network security policy, the current decentralized American legislation in this area can no longer meet the demand. The U.S. government and congress have actively promoted comprehensive cybersecurity legislation. On the other hand, China, as an important member of the international Internet economy and security system, has its own independent national interests and sovereign protection needs, which determines that China must have its own internal logical coherent Internet strategic framework and institutionalized system. Thus, the changes of the U.S. Internet strategy and legal system provide the most relevant reference for systemic thoughts on the construction of China's internet governance order, and so are worthy of absorption.

Key words: Internet, cybersecurity, network strategy, changes in the legal system, personal information protection

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