北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 17-21.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0218

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

建国以来中国公民科学素质建设的历史及经验

王娜, 斯琴塔娜   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 马克思主义学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-05 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-11-01
  • 作者简介:王娜(1979-),女,山西太原人,副教授,博士,研究方向为科技哲学、科学技术与社会.

History and Experience of Citizen Scientific Quality Construction in China Since 1949

WANG Na, SIQIN Tana   

  1. School of Marxism, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-07-05 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-11-01

摘要:

以1999年"2049计划"的提出为重要时间节点和标志事件,将中国公民科学素质建设历史划分为前后两个时期,着重阐述不同历史时期公民素质建设的机构建制、实施渠道、科普内容、国家定位等方面的特点。提出将其作为国家战略由专门的机构负责组织实施,是中国公民素质建设的根本动力和制度保障。在建设渠道方面必须坚持科学教育的学校主渠道,同时充分发挥科学普及和科学传播的作用,尤其要重视科普的社会力量。在建设主体方面仍要坚持对不同群体的特别关注和针对性提升措施。

关键词: 公民科学素质, 科学教育, 科学普及, 科学传播, “2049”计划

Abstract:

Taking the "2049 Plan" in 1999 as an important time node and flag event, the history of the construction of the citizen's scientific quality is divided into two periods. Compared the characters of the machine construction system, implementation channel, popularization content of science in different historical periods of citizen quality construction emphatically. It is proposed that it should be organized and implemented by a special institution as a national strategy, which provides a fundamental impetus system guarantee for our country's citizen quality construction. On the construction channels, we must adhere to the main channel of science education, and give full play to the role of popularization of science and communication of science at the same time, especially attach importance to the social power of popularization of science. In the main body of the construction, we must still adhere to the special attention to different groups and targeted promotion measures.

Key words: citizen's scientific quality, science education, popularization of science, science communication, “2049&rdquo, Plan

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