北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 99-109.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0222

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国航天国际合作的现状、问题与相关立法研究

高国柱   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-10 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-11-01
  • 作者简介:高国柱(1974-),男,吉林德惠人,副教授,博士,研究方向为国际法.

Current Situation, Legal Issues and Relevant Space Legislation of China's International Cooperation in Space

GAO Guozhu   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-07-10 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-11-01

摘要:

中国的航天国际合作自改革开放以来取得了巨大的进展,但也暴露出许多问题,尤其是管理体制和规则上的问题。航天国际合作在国际上有联合国关于外空条约和联大决议做出了原则性规定,在中国国内也有一些政策性规定和零散的法律规定。为了进一步规范和推动中国的航天国际合作,应当在《航天法》中以专章形式对其加以规定。主要应从明确中国开展航天国际合作的基本立场、明确航天国际合作的管理体制、建立部际协调机制、航天国际合作中长期规划的制定、航天国际合作的统筹管理、宇航产品的技术合作与进出口管控几方面加以规定。

关键词: 航天, 国际合作, 航天立法, 宇航产品, 进出口管制

Abstract:

China's international cooperation in space has made great progress since the reform and opening up, however, it has also derived alot of problems, especially at the level of the administrative system and regulations. The United Nations space treaties and the UN General Assembly resolutions provide basic principles on the international cooperation in space. China also issued some policy provisions and promulgated scattered laws and regulations on international cooperation in space. In order to further regulate and promote China's international cooperation in space, the proposed "Space Activities Act" should provide the relevant contents of international cooperation in the form of a special chapter. It should mainly clarify the basic position of China on international cooperation in space, clarify the administrative system of international cooperation in space, establish inter-ministerial coordination mechanism, formulate medium and long-term planning for international cooperation, co-ordinate management of international cooperation, as well as relax the technical cooperation and import&export control on aerospace products and technologies.

Key words: space activities, international cooperation, space legislation, aerospace product, import&export control

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