北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 113-120.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0229

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

目标价格政策对棉花全要素生产率的影响分析——以新疆棉区为例

丁建国, 穆月英   

  1. 中国农业大学 经济管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-18 发布日期:2020-07-31
  • 作者简介:丁建国(1975-),新疆米泉人,博士研究生,研究方向为农业经济理论与政策.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71773121);现代农业产业技术体系北京市果类蔬菜产业创新团队项目(BAIC01-2018);国家社会科学基金重大项目(18ZDA074);国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0300210);中国农业大学"农业资源经济与政策"高水平创新团队;农业农村部农业信息服务技术重点实验室开放基金(CAAS-AⅡ NYXXJSFW 2019-003);新疆维吾尔自治区科技计划(2017D07014);新疆农业科学院青年基金(xjnkq-2015007)

Impact of Target Price Policy on Cotton Total Factor Productivity: A Case Study of Xinjiang

DING Jianguo, MU Yueying   

  1. College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-07-18 Published:2020-07-31

摘要: 以新疆棉区为例,采用DEA-Tobit两阶段方法测算了棉花全要素生产率(TFP),并探究了目标价格补贴对棉花TFP的影响及作用路径。研究表明:2014—2017年间新疆棉花TFP呈增长态势,技术进步是主要驱动因素;目标价格补贴对新疆棉花TFP有促进作用;从影响路径上看,目标价格补贴对纯技术效率和规模效率影响显著,但是对技术进步没有影响;受农户资金和资源禀赋约束,面积补贴对规模效率影响不显著;地区经济发展水平、棉花生产经营规模水平、净利润对TFP及技术进步有显著正向影响。建议今后目标价格政策优化可考虑将部分补贴转为支持农田基础设施、土地流转、社会化服务等"绿箱"政策,破解各地棉花TFP提升中的短板问题,促进新疆棉花生产转型升级发展。

关键词: 目标价格, 补贴政策, 棉花生产, 全要素生产率, DEA-Tobit

Abstract: The cotton Total Factor Productivity (TFP) was measured and the impact of target price subsidy policy on cotton TFP in Xinjiang was evaluated based on DEA-Tobit approach. The results show that the cotton TFP in Xinjiang was increased during 2014—2017 period, and the technological progress was the main driving factor; there are big difference among South, North and East Xinjiang in cotton TFP; the target price subsidy had a significant effect on the cotton TFP in Xinjiang; The target price subsidy enhances cotton TFP by affecting the pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency,but has no effect on the technological progress; subject to the farmer's funds and resource endowment, the area subsidy has no effect on the scale efficiency; the regional economic development, household production scale, and net profit have significant positive impacts on TFP and technological progress. It is suggested that the target price policy optimization in the future can be considered to convert some subsidies into green box policies, such as supporting farmland infrastructure, land transfer, social services, etc., to solve the short-board problem in the promotion of cotton TFP, and to promote the transformation and upgrading of cotton production in Xinjiang.

Key words: target price, subsidy policy, cotton production, total factor productivity, DEA-Tobit

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