北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 152-160.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0262

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    

建国以来硕士研究生招生制度回溯与展望

杨雨萌, 张飞龙   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-24 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-02-25
  • 作者简介:杨雨萌(1993-),女,河北秦皇岛人,博士研究生,研究方向为教育经济与管理.
  • 基金资助:
    中国学位与研究生教育学会2015年重点课题(A22015Y0706-017)

Retrospect and Prospect of Master's Enrollment System in China Since Founding of China from Perspective of Historical Institutionalism

YANG Yumeng, ZHANG Feilong   

  1. Institute of Higher Education, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-08-24 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-02-25

摘要: 建国以来,中国硕士研究生招生制度日趋完善,其制度变迁历经以苏为师阶段、初步探索阶段、全面停顿阶段、恢复初建阶段、规范发展阶段、快速发展阶段、内涵发展阶段。中国硕士研究生招生制度变迁深受国家宏观制度环境和政治发展变化及关键行动者等深层结构因素影响。制度变迁的路径依赖因素包括政府的单向主导、政治经济发展的需要、传统考试理念和学业评价方式。为此,需扭转传统考试理念和学业评价方式,并构建分类具体、类型丰富的多元招生路径,建立专业化的第三方考试机构,推进招考分离。

关键词: 硕士招生制度, 制度变迁, 历史制度主义, 路径依赖, 路径转型

Abstract: Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, China's postgraduate enrollment system has become more and more perfect, and its institutional changes have experienced the stage of Su, the preliminary exploration stage, the comprehensive suspension stage, the restoration of the initial construction stage, the standardized development stage, the rapid development stage, and the connotation development stage. The changes in the enrollment system for postgraduate students in China are deeply affected by the deep structural factors such as the changes in the national macro-institutional environment, political development and key actors. The path dependence factors of institutional change include the one-way leadership of the government, the need of political and economic development, the traditional examination concept and the academic evaluation method. To this end, it is necessary to reverse the traditional examination concept and academic evaluation methods, build a multi-enrollment path with specific classification and types, establish a specialized third-party examination institution, and promote the separation of recruitment.

Key words: master's enrollment system, institutional change, historical institutionalism, path dependence, path transformation

中图分类号: