北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 80-90.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0270

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基层协商民主“内卷化”的生成机制——基于扎根理论的探索性研究

方卫华, 绪宗刚   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-30 发布日期:2021-04-02
  • 作者简介:方卫华(1965—),男,安徽贵池人,教授,博士生导师,博士,研究方向为公共管理、公共政策、经济社会学.

Generating Mechanism of “Involution” for Grass-roots Democratic Consultation: Exploratory Research Based on Grounded Theory

FANG Weihua, XU Zonggang   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-08-30 Published:2021-04-02

摘要: 当前中国基层协商民主实践,"内卷化"现象普遍存在,其内在生成机制值得探究。运用扎根理论对W市协商民主实践进行详细研究发现,协商民主"内卷化"主要表现在"咨询式协商"模式对"决策式协商"模式的抵制,而支持开展协商民主的外部制度具有"软约束"性质、"管理官僚"在创新驱动下的"行为异化""街头官僚"的变通执行以及群众参与者的"参与冷漠"是"内卷化"的主要原因。要化解"内卷化"问题,应从构建"硬约束"制度,强化"管理官僚"的"政绩预期",加大"街头官僚"的效用预期,消除反向"变通执行"空间,充分培育民间组织等方面持续发力。

关键词: 协商民主, 扎根理论, 公民参与, 权力配置, 治理机制

Abstract: At present, the phenomenon of "involution" is widespread in the practice of grass-roots consultative democracy in China, and its internal generating mechanism is worth exploring. Based on the grounded theory, a detailed study on the practice of deliberative democracy in W city shows that the "involution" of deliberative democracy is mainly manifested in the resistance of the "consultation" mode to the "decision-making consultation" mode. The main reasons for the "internalization" are the "soft constraint" nature of the external system supporting the development of consultative democracy, "behavior alienation" driven by innovation of management bureaucrats, "flexible implementation of street bureaucrats" and "participation indifference" of mass participants. In order to solve the problem of "involution", we should build a "hard constraint" system, strengthen the "performance expectation" of "management bureaucrats", increase the utility expectation of "street bureaucrats", eliminate the space of reverse "flexible implementation", and fully cultivate non-governmental organizations.

Key words: deliberative democracy, grounded theory, citizen participation, power allocation, governance mechanism

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