北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 121-126.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0303

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

伦理透视与社会表征:重读“兔子”四部曲

黄诗海   

  1. 泉州师范学院 外国语学院, 福建 泉州 362000
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-11 发布日期:2020-12-02
  • 作者简介:黄诗海(1979-),男,福建南安人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为美国文学、英语语言文学.
  • 基金资助:
    福建省社会科学规划项目(FJ2017B069);福建省中青年教师教育科研项目(JAS160433)

Ethical Perspective and Social Representation: Rereading Updike's the Rabbit Tetralogy

HUANG Shihai   

  1. School of Foreign Languages, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou Fujian 362000, China
  • Received:2019-09-11 Published:2020-12-02

摘要: 作为约翰·厄普代克的代表作,"兔子"四部曲有着丰富的艺术价值与人文价值,拓宽其批评视角具有积极的意义。采用文化批评和文学伦理学批评等研究方法,对"兔子"四部曲进行研究,探讨约翰·厄普代克所描绘的美国社会的变迁现实以及由此带来的国民生活波折和精神困惑,聚焦小说所叙述的伦理关系及其被叙述的方式,读者得以发现,"兔子"四部曲为人们提供一个管窥当代美国社会价值观变迁的窗口,激发人们去思考与探讨解决现实问题的方法。约翰·厄普代克通过对美国现实和文化的批判,实现了文学与现实的同构,并且以其独特的叙事风格和手法实现了叙事与伦理的互动,建立了文学叙事伦理的维度。

关键词: 约翰·厄普代克, 叙事伦理, "兔子"四部曲, 叙事手法, 阐释

Abstract: As John Updike's masterpiece, the Rabbit Tetralogy are of rich artistic and humanistic value, and broadening its critical perspective is of positive significance. Using the methods of cultural criticism and ethical literary criticism, the Rabbit Tetralogy are studied to explore the changing reality of American society depicted by John Updike and the resulting twists and confusions in national life, and analyze the ethical relationship depicted in the novels and the way it is narrated. Readers have discovered that the Rabbit Tetralogy provide a window into the transition of contemporary American social values, and inspired people to think and discuss ways to solve realistic problems. Through his criticism of American reality and culture, John Updike realized the isomorphism of literature and reality, through his unique narrative style and technique, John Updike realized the interaction between narration and ethics, and established the dimension of literary narrative ethics.

Key words: John Updike, narrative ethics, the Rabbit Tetralogy, narrative technique, interpretation

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